Archive for the ‘Computer security’ category

CIA hacking docs on WikiLeaks

March 15th, 2017

WikiLeaks published the 1st part of documents which it claims are retrieved from U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The initial upload consists of  8,761 documents and files.

“Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal, including malware, viruses, Trojans, weaponized “zero-day” exploits, malware remote control systems and associated documentation,” the organization stated in a press release. “This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA.”

The source of the document is not clear. WikiLeaks mentioned that the documents were already in circulation among the group of hackers.

“The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons,” WikiLeaks stated.

The ways of surveillance includes:

  • Accessing Samsung smart TVs even when the units are turned off
  • Installing software in vehicle control systems in cars and trucks
  • Use of smartphones to access the camera, microphone, user location, audio and texts
  • Efforts are done to bypass encryption of WhatsApp

CIA spokesman Jonathan said “We do not comment on the authenticity or content of purported intelligence documents.”

Skyport Systems EVP Rick Hanson told “Donald Trump previously praised WikiLeaks during his campaign,” he said. “When an organization like WikiLeaks is lauded in any forum there is reason to be concerned.”

“We are losing the cybersecurity war to other nation states and [are] at a deficit in our ability to protect ourselves,” Carbon Black nation security strategist Eric O’Neill said by email. “Now with the release of one of our offensive playbooks, our ability to attack is compromised. All of these tools will now proliferate among those for whom breaching security is a business or profession, leading to additional attacks.”

Contrast Security CTO Jeff Williams mentioned that answer isn’t to focus on “cyber arms control,” which he said will never work. “We need a massive increased focus on writing secure code and defending against attacks,” he said.

“As a nation, we are simply incapable of reliably writing code that isn’t susceptible to these attacks,” Williams continued. “But it’s not impossible. It’s not even that difficult. But we have to change the incentives in the software market, which currently don’t encourage writing secure code.”

Access Now senior legislative manager Nathan White said “Today, our digital security has been compromised because the CIA has been stockpiling vulnerabilities rather than working with companies to patch them,” he said. “The United States is supposed to have a process that helps secure our digital devices and services — the ‘Vulnerabilities Equities Process.'”

“Many of these vulnerabilities could have been responsibly disclosed and patched,” White added. “This leak proves the inherent digital risk of stockpiling vulnerabilities rather than patching them.”

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Health Facility suffers data breach due to improper shredding of paper documents

March 9th, 2017

Minnesota-based Allina Health recently suffered data breach due to paper documents, which were emptied into the trash insecurely. As per the reports, proper shredding of the documents was not done.

Documents belong to physician’s private office and was supposed to be shredded at the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital. After the incident, facility launched an investigation. Affected information included patient information including names, medical record numbers, addresses, and insurance information.

As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, incident affected 776 patients.  Facility mentioned that some patients use their Social Security numbers as identification numbers on insurance documents.  Hence there is possibility of Social Security numbers being exposed.

“Allina Health has undertaken a system wide awareness campaign to inform the workforce of the simplified “shred all paper” disposal process and reinforced its safeguards policy to re-emphasize the importance of proper disposal.”

Allina Health also added that there is no information or evidence of any misuse of the data. It is notifying affected patients. Also, one year of free credit monitoring and identity protection services are provided.

“Allina Health has simplified its systemwide process to require all paper and documents be placed into secured or locked shredding bins, whether or not the paper contains patient information,” the statement explained. “All paper is shredded and then recycled. The enhanced process also removes all desk-side recycling bins to prevent paper from being placed into recycling without being shredded first.”

Allina Health mentioned that it takes the confidentiality of patients’ information very seriously. Also, it will take steps to ensure that a similar incident does not occur in the future. Patients who believe they may have been impacted or patients who have other questions should call toll-free number.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements.

Unauthorized employee access at Vanderbilt University

March 6th, 2017

Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) recently suffered data breach when it came to know about the unauthorized employee access to patient medical records. As per the reports, concerned employee were working as patient transporters. Patients’ electronic medical records was accessed without necessary permissions.

As per the statement, “The breach prompted the medical center to change the way the patient transport staff gets information so that it no longer gives them access to electronic medical records. Staff in that department were also retrained about appropriate access to information. VUMC is in the process of migrating from its current electronic health record system to a new software system designed by Epic Systems.”

Facilty conducted an audit of electronic medical records (EHR) which was accessed by the employee.  As per the reports, two employees were involved in the breach who viewed adult and pediatric patient information, including patients’ names, dates of birth, and medical record numbers for internal use. One of them got access to patient Social Security numbers in a few instances.

VUMC mentioned that there is no information whether data was downloaded, transferred, or misused in any way. Affected patients received notification letter Facility has offered fraud or identity theft services. As per the report from The Tennessean, incident affected 3,247 medical records.

“We are committed to providing our patients the highest quality care and protecting the confidentiality of their personal information. To our knowledge, the information the employees viewed was not printed, forwarded or downloaded.  So far, we have no reason to believe that our patients’ personal information has been used or disclosed in other ways,” said VUMC Chief Communications Officer John Howser. “While we are not aware of any risk of financial harm to these patients, we are contacting each of them by letter to recommend that they vigilantly review account statements and their credit status.”

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Data breach due to hacking

March 2nd, 2017

Emory Healthcare’s Orthopaedics & Spine Center and Brain Health Center (EHC) at Emory Clinic recently suffered data breach, which impacted almost 80,000 patients. Facility came to know about the incident on Jan 3, 2017. It involved third party database called Waits & Delays. As per the statement, the affected database was used for patients’ appointment information.

Affected information included patient names, dates of birth, contact information, internal medication record numbers, dates of service, and physician names. The above information was removed from the server by an unauthorized individual. The person demanded payment from EHC to restore the data.

As per the reports, individuals who scheduled an appointment at the Orthopaedics & Spine Center within Emory Clinic between March 25, 2015 and January 3, 2017, and any patients with an appointment at Emory Clinic Brain Health Center between December 6, 2016 and January 3, 2016 are potentially affected.

As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, incident affected 79,930 individuals.  Facility mentioned that no Social Security numbers, financial information, diagnoses, or any other information from patient EHRs were accessed during the incident.

Another instance of unauthorized access by an independent security research center was also noticed. It resulted due to efforts of finding gaps in application security to alert companies of areas needing improvement by security company.

Facility launched an internal investigation after the incident. It also notified law enforcement. Potentially affected individuals are also notified. EHC is performing analysis on its current security measures. Internal and external systems which contained patient information will be changed as per the reports.

EHC mentioned that it has no information or indication of accessed data misuse.

“Please refer to the notice you will receive in the mail regarding steps that you can take to protect yourself. In general, we recommend, as a precautionary measure, that you remain vigilant to protect against potential fraud and/or identity theft by, among other things, reviewing your account statements and monitoring credit reports closely. If you detect any suspicious activity on an account, you should promptly notify the financial institution or company with which the account is maintained. You should also promptly report any fraudulent activity or any suspected incidents of identity theft to proper law enforcement authorities, including the police and your state’s attorney general.”

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Financial companies get new security law

February 28th, 2017

The State of New York will be implementing new regulations that require banks, financial services companies to have cyber security programs and also maintain them to specific standards.

“As our global financial network becomes even more interconnected and entities around the world increasingly suffer information breaches, New York is leading the charge to combat the ever-increasing risk of cyber attacks,” Maria T. Vullo, superintendent of the New York State Department of Financial Services, said in a statement.

Financial companies now need to check security at third party vendors. Also, they need to maintain adequately funded and staffed cyber security program. It should be monitored by qualified management. The team should report to organisation’s senior body.

Standards are also set for access controls, encryption and penetration testings. Breaches should have response plan. Preservation of data comes under this new rule. And notification to the Department of Financial Services should be sent.

Prevalent director of product management Jeff Hill told “The economic wake of a substantial data breach can stretch for years, impacting not only tangible bottom line results, but also inflicting reputational damage that can linger indefinitely.”

“New York State’s new rules are particularly forward-looking in that they emphasize the importance of understanding and managing third party risk, the source of more than half of all breaches according to a number of studies,” Hill added. “Addressing what is often the soft underbelly of many enterprises’ cyber security defenses — third parties/vendors — the State of New York is forcing a critical element of its economic infrastructure to cover all its bases.”

“In recent times, the regulatory pendulum has begun to swing in favor of a ‘lighter’ approach for banks, financial services and for other industries too, for that matter,” VASCO Data Security head of global marketing David Vergara said by email. “It’s good to see, however, that good sense regulations like this one have survived to offer additional consumer protection via thorough evaluations of third party vendors, comprehensive risk assessments and advocacy for stronger multi-factor authentication.”

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Data breach due to email hack

February 20th, 2017

Foot and ankle surgeon Jay Berenter’s office announced data breach due to an email hack. Hackers sent some patients an email that the office employees claimed not to have sent. As per the reports, the email sent to Dr. Berenter’s contacts  contained a DocuSign document waiting for their review.

As per the statement, “Dr. Berenter takes the protection of information seriously and understands how important trust is in a physician-patient relationship.”

Dr. Berenter’s office immediately sent another email informing patients not to access the DocuSign email. After the incident came to notice, Dr. Berenter’s office took steps to secure the email account. It also hired forensic IT specialists.

Investigation was carried out to determine the extent of breach. it also checked whether any of the office’s systems were affected. Facility mentioned that the incident was determined to be limited to the email account only. Potentially affected information includes patient registration forms, prescriptions, and patient names.  As per the data breach reporting tool, the incident affected 569 individuals.

Facility has also hired forensic IT specialists to investigate the incident further. It is trying to make sure that no electronic medical records were accessed. Facility is implementing new email system. Additional internal administrative steps are taken to prevent a similar hack.

Federal agencies of California Attorney General and the Federal Department of Health and Human Services are notified about the incident. Facility believes that there is no evidence to say that information is misused.

Dr. Berenter’s office has provided contact information to answer queries. One year of complimentary identity theft protection is provided to potentially affected clients. It has also encouraged to place a free 90 day fraud alert on affected accounts.

“Protecting your information is incredibly important to Dr. Berenter, as is addressing this incident with the information and assistance you may need.”

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements.

Unauthorized access and data breach

February 17th, 2017

Verity Health System based in California recently announced that an unauthorized access may have caused data breach. The incident affected personal information of more than 9,000 individuals.

Verity Health operates six hospitals which includes Seton in Daly City, Seton Coastside in Moss Beach, O’Connor in San Jose, St. Louise in Gilroy and two in Southern California. It also runs Verity Medical Foundation and Verity Physician Network. Verify Health was known as Daughters of Charity. It was renamed after taken over by investment firm BlueMountain Capital Management.

Verity Health mentioned that the access occurred on the Verity Medical Foundation-San Jose Medical Group website.  It mentioned that the website is no longer in use. Also, immediate steps were taken to secure it and protect it from further damage.

Affected information included patient names, dates of birth, medical record numbers, addresses, email addresses, phone numbers and the last four digits of credit card numbers. Full credit card numbers and Social Security numbers were not included in the breach.

Verity mentioned that 9,000 got affected individuals in its statement. As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, incident impacted 10,164 individuals.

“Verity Health System takes the security of our patients’ information seriously, and we regret that this incident occurred,” Verity Health CEO Andrei Soran said in a statement. “We took immediate steps to investigate this incident, notify the affected individuals and appropriate authorities, and ensure enhanced protection of our information systems going forward. We are working with a leading cyber-security firm to further evaluate the integrity of our information systems.”

Facility believes that there are no reports of misuse of information. It has also established a call center to answer queries. It is also offering one free year of credit monitoring services for potentially affected patients.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by CheckPoint and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Break In causes data breach

February 14th, 2017

Wichita, Family Medicine East, Chartered based in Kansas reported that it suffered data breach due to theft of an unencrypted desktop computer and printer from its facility. As per the reports, an individual got into the building by breaking an exterior window. Family Medicine mentioned that police have not yet caught the thief. Also, stolen items are not recovered.

Family East mentioned that “a significant number contained images of typed office notes dictated by Family Medicine East physicians during 2002 and 2003.”

Affected information included patient names, dates of birth, appointment dates, and the name or initials of the physician or PA who saw patients were in the notes. Social Security numbers and addresses are not included in the breach. Letters written to other physicians discussing a Family Medicine referral were included for few. Letters were also identified by name and information about their medical condition.

“[The notes and letters] were typed by transcriptionists engaged for that purpose in 2002 and 2003,” Family East said in its online statement. “The files remained on the computer that was stolen as a result of an employee’s oversight, and were not detected during a number of risk analyses undertaken prior to the theft, as part of efforts to secure all individually identifiable health information.”

Individuals who got treated in 2002 or 2003 are asked “to take steps to eliminate or minimize potential harm that could be caused by the theft.” Steps also include obtaining credit reports and monitoring their financial and baking accounts for activities.

Facility mentioned that it is offering complimentary credit monitoring services to potentially affected patients. It also said that all computers and systems will be encrypted.

“While Family Medicine East hopes to recover the stolen computer, this may not be possible,” the statement explained. “As part of its ongoing effort to prevent breaches of protected health information, Family Medicine East began the process of encrypting health information stored on laptop computers used by the doctors, PAs and nurses for patient care some time ago.”

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Funding for bug bounty vendor

February 9th, 2017

As per the recent news, one can make money in the rewarding business of security researchers for finding security vulnerabilities. HackerOne published that they have raised a $40M Series C round of funding. Total funding received till date for the San Francisco based company is $74 Million.

Dragoneer Investment Group led new round of funding. It will be used to help HackerOne grow its business.

“HackerOne is at the forefront of the burgeoning bug bounty movement,” Marc Stad, Founder and Managing Partner of Dragoneer Investment Group, said in a statement. “It is borderline silly for a company not to utilize a bug bounty platform given the immediate reduction in security vulnerabilities and the relatively low price point compared to other security options.”

Rice, co-founder and CTO of HackerOne in the video interview mentioned the statistics of business growth. Also, discussed the bugs found by HackerOne’s community of researchers.

Hacking the pentagon program was one of the major successes of HackerOne. The results were positive. It has 1,400 security researchers participating in the program. It also discovered 138 serious vulnerabilities which were fixed quickly. Also, the U.S. Department of Defense also got involved in the program.

HackerOne faces competition from bug bounty vendor Bugcrowd. The rival has raised $24 million in funding to date which includes $15 million Series B round.

“When I started the company in 2013, I spent most of my time explaining what a bug bounty was to people,”Bugcrowd founder and CEO Casey Ellis said. “I don’t have to do that anymore.”

“How we do things today is we prove a concept manually first, apply human intelligence to the problem set and then take the repeatable learnings and codify that,” Ellis said.

The market of buy bounty is competitive but there is demand. Rice also mentioned that more bugs have been found by third party bug bounty companies as compared to vendors.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Health Facility suffers email hack

February 7th, 2017

Multicare Health System recently announced data breach due to an email hack. The incident potentially affected 1,200 patients. The Washington health system mentioned that it has no information at this time to believe that any patient personal health information was accessed or misused in any way.

Facility will send the notification to affected patients. Also, patients have been advised to review their Explanation of Benefits statements and to remain vigilant to signs of irregularities related to their health insurance.

MultiCare stated that an unauthorized individual gained access to an employee email account. The information in the emails likely contained personal patient information ranging from addresses to account balances. Facility added that financial information and Social Security numbers were not present on the affected email account.

After the incident the affected email account has been secured. Password has been changed. Facility initiated an investigation into the incident and has provided contact information for patients concerned about the status of their information.

About Multicare:

“MultiCare is a not-for-profit health care organization with more than 10,000 employees and a comprehensive network of services throughout Pierce, South King, Thurston and Kitsap counties.

Facilities heritage dates back to the founding of Tacoma’s first hospital in 1882. Since then, it has grown to meet the ever-changing needs of our region-always focusing on excellence, innovation and patient care.”

When  email account gets hacked one should follow below steps to minimize the damage:

Initial step is to assess the damage done by hackers.

Visit the website of your email provider and try to regain the access.

Change the password by authorised method. Check inbox and trash for any password reset emails, which were not initiated by you.

Scan your computer with anti virus software. Many emails are hacked today to install virus on your computer.

Review your personal settings.

Validate the source  of any program, game and app before downloading it.

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