Archive for the ‘Identity and Information loss’ category

New Anti-Malware Engine by BullGuard

September 30th, 2017

London cybersecurity software provider BullGuard launched new anti-malware engine to detect and block advanced threats.

“The new engine is specifically designed to protect against zero-day threats or threats, such as polymorphic malware and file-less attacks, for which traditional signature-based engines are insufficient. The engine monitors a wide array of behaviours across the device and utilizes a comprehensive set of rules to discriminate bad behaviour from good,” explained Paul Lipman, CEO of BullGuard.

“The client-side engine is supported by a cloud-based machine learning system that continually learns from data across our customer base, and from our automated malware research systems, so the ruleset and engine functionality improve on an on-going basis,” continued Lipman.

The company is further branching out from its consumer antivirus roots with a real-time Home Network Scanner feature in BullGuard Premium Protection that continually scans a home’s Wi-Fi networks for internal threats. It also enlists the cloud to scan home networks using external vectors, a similar tactic to that used by security professionals to perform penetration testing.

Home Network Scanner finds cybersecurity problems. There is a rise in the attack on IoT devices.

“Earlier this year BullGuard released an IoT scanner that checks whether your home network is accessible from the open internet. We found that approximately five percent of people using our scanner had open ports that could potentially be compromised by attackers,” revealed Lipman.

“Consumer routers are notoriously hackable, as we’ve seen this year in multiple news stories (most notably the Wikileaks revelation about how the CIA has been pwning consumer routers for over a decade),” he added. “The new home network scanner offered in BullGuard Premium Protection takes this scanning to the next level, utilizing a deeper scan from multiple locations in the cloud, and coupling this with internal network scanning capabilities to ensure that our customers are immediately aware of potential vulnerabilities.”

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The Alertsec service protects everything stored on the computer such as Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Gmail, Photos, Credit Card data files etc.

APT33 Attacks US companies

September 29th, 2017

As per the FireEye researchers, Iranian government hacking group is using phishing attacks to target companies in the U.S., Saudi Arabia and South Korea. The group is named as APT33.

In the past year,  the group is able to access to many U.S. organization in the energy sector. It also targeted refining and petrochemicals in South Korean and aviation business in Saudi Arabia.

“We assess the targeting of multiple companies with aviation-related partnerships to Saudi Arabia indicates that APT33 may possibly be looking to gain insights on Saudi Arabia’s military aviation capabilities to enhance Iran’s domestic aviation capabilities or to support Iran’s military and strategic decision-making vis a vis Saudi Arabia,” the researchers wrote.

“Iran has repeatedly demonstrated a willingness to globally leverage its cyber espionage capabilities,” FireEye director of intelligence analysis John Hultquist said in a statement. “Its aggressive use of this tool, combined with shifting geopolitics, underscore the danger that APT33 poses to governments and commercial interests in the Middle East and throughout the world.”

STEALTHbits Technologies CTO Jonathan Sander told eSecurity Planet that this is changing the face of cyber attacks.”When a cyber attack occurs, most still envision some young man in a hoodie or loner in a basement,” he said. “However, most of the bad guys today are professionals working for governments, organized crime, or even private [firms] in countries with lax laws that let cybercrime be a middle-class profession.”

“Organizations tend to focus defense on attacks that would exfiltrate data,” he said. “Many use the common notion that we’ve all been penetrated already as an excuse to only worry about defending against the last stage of most attacks where that data is stolen. When the motivation is destruction, though, the part where the data leaves never happens, and the trap is never sprung.”

Virsec Systems co-founder and COO Ray DeMeo mentioned there is no surprise in such groups. “We’ve seen clear evidence for some time that nation-state funded groups are using systematic, methodical, and innovative techniques to find weaknesses in networks and critical infrastructure systems,” he said.

“Expect ongoing cyber warfare to be the new normal, and it’s critical that all organizations take security much more seriously, improve their detection and protection capabilities, and train all employees to protect their credentials against theft,” DeMeo added.

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Alertsec Endpoint Encrypt is the full disk encryption service that delivers a mobile data protection system for all information stored on laptops used throughout your organization.

Deloitte Firm Data Breach

September 26th, 2017

Deloitte firm suffered data breach when it was hit last year by a cyber attack. The incident affected confidential emails and plans of at least six of its clients. Firm mentioned that attack was privileged, unrestricted ‘access to all areas.

Affected information also included usernames, passwords, IP addresses, architectural diagrams for businesses and health information.

As per the statement “In response to a cyber incident, Deloitte implemented its comprehensive security protocol and began an intensive and thorough review including mobilizing a team of cybersecurity and confidentiality experts inside and outside of Deloitte.”

“As part of the review, Deloitte has been in contact with the very few clients impacted and notified governmental authorities and regulators,” the company added.

As per the source, the exact duration was not known to the company.

“I think it’s unfortunate how we have handled this and swept it under the rug,” the source told Krebs. “It wasn’t a few emails like reported. They accessed the entire email database and all admin accounts. But we never notified our advisory clients or our cyber Intel clients.”

Raytheon chief strategy officer for cyber services Josh Douglas mentioned that data was not protected properly. “Two-factor authentication … is a basic part of cyber hygiene, and while it might not have prevented the intrusion altogether, it would have at least slowed the attackers and forced them to use more sophisticated methods,” he said.

He added that 2FA alone isn’t enough. “Organizations need to hunt threats to their network proactively and adopt an incident response plan that prevents or limits the exfiltration of sensitive data,” he said. “Comprehensive cybersecurity is especially important in the era of cloud computing, where companies are storing sensitive data remotely. As we tell our clients, cloud computing puts your information on someone else’s computer — so it’s vital to protect the cloud exactly as you would your own servers.”

“Some key elements to such a strategy are an optimally deployed and tuned SIEM platform leveraging machine learning, a combination of internal and external expertise actively engaged in analysis, and the use of deception technology to identify active attackers and suspicious behavior,” Netsurion CISO John Christly said.

VASCO Data Security CMO John Gunn mentioned growing trends among hacker to attack other confidential. ”This was first evidenced by the successful attack on newswire services that yielded hackers more than $100 million of insider trading profits, and more recently with the successful breach of the SEC for confidential information on publicly traded companies,” he said.

“Firms such as Deloitte that have troves of sensitive, non-public information that could be used for illegal trading activity will find themselves increasingly in the cross-hairs of sophisticated hacking organizations,” Gunn added.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Cloud Security Error Affects Half a Million Voters

September 16th, 2017

Kromtech researchers recently found a misconfigured CouchDB database which affected information of 593,328 Alaskan voters.

“When the database was configured, administrators bypassed important security settings that were set to ‘public’ instead of ‘private,’ allowing anyone with an Internet connection to gain access [to] the repository,” Kromtech chief security communications officer Bob Diachenko wrote in a blog post analyzing the breach.

TargetSmart CEO Tom Bonier mentioned that the breach was due to the third party. “We’ve learned that Equals3, an AI software company based in Minnesota, appears to have failed to secure some of their data and some data they license from TargetSmart, and that a database approximately 593,000 Alaska voters appears to have been inadvertently exposed, but not accessed by anyone other than the security researchers on our team and the team that identified the exposure,” he said.

Kromtech vice president of strategic alliances Alex Kernishniuk said that system needs to be updated”This is yet another wakeup call for companies, governments, and political organizations to audit their networks, servers and storage devices and ensure they take the proper security precautions,” he said.

Kromtech also discovered another breach where it affected 3,065,805 WWE fans’ personal information and 48,000 Indian citizens’ personal data.

Dome9 co-founder and CEO Zohar Alon told eSecurity Planet by email that it’s more important than ever for companies to define strict controls and practices for the handling of sensitive data.

“Attackers are looking for two things: repositories with data of value to organizations, and weak security practices,” he said.

“As more data makes its way to the public cloud and security practices around CouchDB become more standardized and robust, attackers will shift their attention to other low-hanging fruit, and exploit commonly known security gaps such as misconfigurations,” Alon added.

“With 2017 having already set new records in terms of the magnitude of cyber attacks, boards should be aware that it’s only a matter of time until their organization will be breached since most still lack efficient security shields,” Bitdefender Senior eThreat Analyst Bogdan Botezatu said in a statement.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Office Workers Not Sure of Phishing Attack

September 12th, 2017

Intermedia recent survey of more than 1,000 U.S. office workers has astonishing results. Fourteen percent do not have detailed knowledge about phishing attack or they can’t differentiate phishing email. Twenty-one percent are a victim of a phishing attack.

Thirty-four percent are company owners or executive managers who are a victim. Twenty-five percent are IT, workers.

Intermedia vice president of security and privacy Ryan Barrett mentioned that it is required to talk to employees more than considering it as a threat — otherwise, traditional education can actually lead to a false sense of security.

“Instead, companies need to offer regular interactive IT security training, simulate security incidents to help employees detect and prevent cyber attacks, and talk about the risks when big data breaches are in the news,” Barrett mentioned.

A Bitglass survey of 129 hackers at Black Hat 2017 has below findings –  

Fifty-nine mentioned phishing is the best strategy for data exfiltration

Malware and ransomware ranking second at 27 percent

“Phishing and malware are threats made all the more potent by cloud adoption and the ease with which employees can share corporate data,” Bitglass vice president of product management Mike Schuricht said in a statement.

Other survey conducted by Bromium of 500 CIOs in the U.S., U.K. and Germany found that fully 99 percent of respondents see end users as “the last line of defense” against hackers, and are spending an average of $290,033 per large enterprise on employee education in response.

“While end-users are often the easiest target for hackers, the idea that they should be ‘the last line of defense’ for a business is simply ridiculous,” Bromium CTO Simon Crosby said in a statement. “The fact is, most employees are focused on getting their jobs done, and any training will go out the window if a deadline is looming.”

“Instead of wasting time on user education policies, protect your users,” Crosby suggested. “Let them click with confidence. If they get attacked, let it happen, but do so in a contained environment. By isolating applications in self-contained hardware-enforced environments, malware is completely trapped. Users are free to download attachments, browse websites and click on links without fear of causing a breach.”

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Attack on Critical Infrastructure

September 2nd, 2017

Symantec researchers recently investigated and published findings of new cyber attacks which targeted the energy sector in Europe and North America. Attack group is known as Dragonfly which is involved in such activities since 2011.

“The Dragonfly group appears to be interested in both learning how energy facilities operate and also gaining access to operational systems themselves, to the extent that the group now potentially has the ability to sabotage or gain control of these systems should it decide to do so,” the Symantec researchers wrote in a blog post.

Symantec cyber security researcher Eric Chien mentioned Reuters that many of companies have been targeted which few based in U.S.

“As it did in its prior campaign between 2011 and 2014, Dragonfly 2.0 uses a variety of infection vectors in an effort to gain access to a victim’s network, including malicious emails, watering hole attacks, and Trojanized software,” the researchers mentioned.

Attackers were trying to gain remote access to the system.

“Trojan.Heriplor is a backdoor that appears to be exclusively used by Dragonfly, and is one of the strongest indications that the group that targeted the western energy sector between 2011 and 2014 is the same group that is behind the more recent attacks,” the researchers wrote. “This custom malware is not available on the black market, and has not been observed being used by any other known attack groups.”

RiskVision CEO Joe Fantuzzi mentioned that there is a rise in the attack on the energy sector. “Critical infrastructure is clearly becoming more of a target for hackers as it provides access not only to sensitive information but the ability to dramatically impact and/or harm large numbers of people,” he said.

Fantuzzi added that energy sector company should do risk analysis. “Unfortunately, security defenses protecting these systems have often been neglected or routinely deprioritized, and as a result, are substandard or completely outdated, thus giving cyber criminals an easy entry into these networks,” he said.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Current State of IOT

August 30th, 2017

As per the recent reports, a list of IP addresses and login credentials for more than 8,000 telnet-accessible Internet of Things (IoT) devices was posted on Pastebin. GDI Foundation chairman Victor Gevers mentioned that out of 8,233 devices only 144 has different login credentials. He also mentioned that the common credentials are root:[blank] (782 instances), admin:admin (634), root:root (320), admin:default (21), and default:.

Varonis technical evangelist Brian Vecci told that a leak as big as this one opens the door to a wide variety of infections and exploits. “Not only do consumers need to be mindful of what they put on their network and do what they can to secure their devices, but manufacturers have an obligation to make security an essential part of the design with IoT products,” he said.

Vecci said that defaults settings is an open invitation for attackers.

“Device manufacturers need to build better security into the design of their products and services to ensure that even if a consumer doesn’t take the time to customize the device, it’s not accessible and inviting abuse,” Vecci added. “Some manufacturers, for example, are beginning to minimize the risk of devices being hacked by randomizing factory default credentials and disabling remote access by default.”

As per the recent Irdeto survey, 90 percent mentioned that the cyber security should be inbuilt in IOT devices.

“Today’s connected world needs consumers to be vigilant about security threats,” Irdeto director of IoT security Mark Hearn said in a statement. “On the device manufacturer side, there must be a better ‘defense-in-depth’ approach to cyber security that integrates multiple layers of security into a system. This approach, combined with ongoing security updates to protect against the latest threats, is critical to mitigate attacks targeting IoT technologies.”

New IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2017 was introduced in the US to tackle security issues.

“My hope is that this legislation will remedy the obvious market failure that has occurred and encourage device manufacturers to compete on the security of their products,” bill co-sponsor Sen. Mark Warner said at the time.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

App Install Advertising Fraud

August 27th, 2017

The recent trend shows that there are new ways of online advertising today which aim for mobile apps install. As per the security firm DataVisor, the app installs advertising marketplace is a hot spot for regular attacks by fraudsters. This industry is of approximately $300 million per year.

DataVisor’s new “The Underworld of App Install Advertising” report mentioned that on average, premium ad networks had app install fraud rates of less one percent. Non-premium advertising network stands at five percent.

Ting-Fang Yen, Director of Research at DataVisor mentioned eSecurityPlanet that premium ad network doesn’t usually outsource or broker out their traffic to other channels. They either advertise on their own sites or only partner with reputable publishers they know, she said.

DataVisor Global Intelligence Network analyzed 140 million app installs and 11 billion user events to determine this report.

“We were surprised to see how much fraudsters are faking in-app activities and retention behavior,” Yen said.

Yen mentioned that fraudulent installs generated at least one in-app event.

“This means that fraudsters are becoming much more sophisticated. They are moving beyond just installs to go after the bigger payouts from cost-per-engagement (CPE) campaigns,” Yen said.

Yen mentioned ways to limit the risk by detecting fraud. Techniques involve the use of heuristics such as device identification, IP filtering, or click-to-install-time anomalies to distinguish fake installs from genuine users.

“Fraudsters are constantly exploring new ways to take advantage of loopholes and avoid detection,” Yen said. “This dynamic nature of fraud means that advertisers must remain vigilant and select the right partners and targeting criteria for each campaign they run.”

Advanced fraud detection solutions which can adapt to constantly changing attack patterns should be implemented.

“As fraudsters become increasingly sophisticated at faking installs, we expect more advertisers to adopt cost-per-engagement user acquisition models to avoid fraudulent traffic,” Yen said.

“Fraud is dynamic, and fraudsters are always on the look out for vulnerable points of entry,” she said. “If an ad network scrutinizes their traffic and deploys anti-fraud solutions, fraudsters will move to another channel that is less vigilant about traffic quality.”

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Alertsec Endpoint Encrypt is the full disk encryption service that delivers a mobile data protection system for all information stored on laptops used throughout your organization.

Data Breach at Tewksbury Hospital

August 23rd, 2017

Tewksbury Hospital which is based in Massachusetts recently found out that there was unauthorized EHR access. The incident may have potentially led to a data breach.

As per the statement by a former Tewksbury Hospital patient, the electronic medical record was accessed inappropriately by an unauthorized individual.  After the investigation, a hospital found out that an employee may have accessed the data without proper justification.

It also found out that 1,000 other current and former patients information was accessed. Affected information included patient names, addresses, phone numbers, dates of birth, gender, diagnoses, and other information regarding medical treatment.

The employee has been terminated by the facility. The person no longer has access to the hospital’s HER system. Tewksbury Hospital also mentioned that there is no evidence of information misuse.

Patients are notified of the current incident. The Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office, the Massachusetts Office for Consumer Affairs and Business Regulation, and OCR are also notified.

“To reduce the chance of future incidents like this occurring, we are reviewing our policies regarding access to the electronic medical records system,” read a statement on the Massachusetts Health and Human Services website. “We are also reassessing how we review our workforce members’ use of the electronic medical records system, and we will be reviewing the training we provide to all workforce members regarding the privacy and security of confidential information.”

Affected individuals are encouraged to call toll free number for any further information about the incident. They can also take following steps –

  • Request initial fraud alert
  • Order a Credit Report and review the account (look for inquiries listed on the credit report from businesses that accessed your credit without a request)
  • Request a security freeze

If you are affected by the data breach you have the right to file a police report and obtain a copy of it. Massachusetts law gives you right to obtain any police report filed in regards to the incident.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. 

Ukraine’s Postal Service Hit

August 11th, 2017

Ukraine’s national postal service website Ukrposhta was hit by DDoS attacks for two days. The facility mentioned that it was able to start the service after the first day attack. On the second day, the service was slowed down by the attack.

Igal Zeifman Imperva director of marketing said that its not unusual to see such repeat attacks. “Recently, such tactics had become more common due to their ability to disrupt some security measures and cause fatigue to the people in charge of the attack mitigation, forcing them to stay alert even in the quiet time between attacks,” he said.

“In the first quarter of the year, we saw the number of such repeat assaults reach an all-time high, with over 74 percent of DDoS targets attacked at last twice in the span of that quarter,” Zeifman added.

Ukposhta was attacked earlier by hackers. In the late June it was impacted by NotPetya attacks.

As per Kaspersky Lab Q2 2017 DDoS Intelligence Report this quarter saw a 277-hour DDoS attack and 131 percent longer than the longest DDoS attack in Q1 2017.

It also mentioned that DDoS attacks hit 86 countries, up from 72 countries in Q1 2017. The most affected countries were China, South Korea, the U.S., Hong Kong, the U.K., Russia, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada and France.

Kaspersky also said that there is an increase in Ransom DDoS or RDos attacks

“Nowadays, it’s not just experienced teams of hi-tech cybercriminals that can be Ransom DDoS attackers,” Kaspersky Lab head of DDoS protection Kirill Ilganaev said in a statement. “Any fraudster who doesn’t even have the technical knowledge or skill to organize a full-scale DDoS attack can purchase a demonstrative attack for the purpose of extortion.”

“These people are mostly picking unsavvy companies that don’t protect their resources from DDoS in any way and therefore can be easily convinced to pay ransom with a simple demonstration,” Ilganaev added.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.