Archive for the ‘identity theft’ category

Ransomware Attack and Phony Websites

November 23rd, 2017

ECKAAA

East Central Kansas Area Agency on Aging (ECKAAA) mentioned that they were affected by the ransomware attack.The incident left files encrypted and inaccessible to the company. Cybersecurity company is hired to investigate.

“The ransomware only affected portions of ECKAAA’s server; not every file stored on the server was encrypted,” the statement read. “Although not every file was encrypted, the ransomware perpetrators would have had access to every file stored on the attacked server. Based on its investigation, the company does not believe any data was removed from ECKAAA’s servers.”

Affected information includes names, addresses, and telephone numbers. They also may have contained names, addresses, telephone numbers, dates of birth, Social Security numbers and/or Medicaid numbers.

Facility mentioned that they have backups and the services are not hampered. As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, total 8,750 individuals possibly got affected by this incident.

“ECKAAA has also provided education to its workforce regarding ransomware, including, but not limited to, the importance of using robust passwords,” ECKAAA continued. “All passwords were changed following the ransomware incident. ECKAAA also intends to update its cybersecurity policies and procedures as necessary to prevent similar incidents in the future. As of October 30, 2017, no malicious activity has been detected.”

PHONY WEBSITES

The Recovery Institute of the South East, P.A. (RISE Therapeutic Services) mentioned that it was victim of cyber attack.

Organization said that certain individuals may have been contacted by websites that were claiming to be connected to RISE

“As of now we know that it was used to redirect any contact through the website, email, and also the phone number,” RISE stated. “Through Psychology Today it was confirmed that approximately 200 plus calls and 75 plus emails through their site were rerouted to an unauthorized individual who has yet to be identified.”

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AlertSec ACCESS checks for full disk encryption on PCs running Windows 7, 8, and 10 Home, Pro and Enterprise as well as Mac OS El Capitan and Sierra. AlertSec ACCESS will also verify that all smartphones running iOS and Android are encrypted before access is granted.

Device Theft Incidents

November 20th, 2017

Brevard Physician Associates

Brevard Physician Associates mentioned that it was burglarized which possibly affected health data for 7,976 patients. The incident came to notice when the company saw tripped security alarm. An employee of the company found that three computers were missing.

Affected information included patient names, the names of patients’ insurance providers, the amount charged for the services provided, and the CPT codes of the services provided. However, patient addresses, dates of birth, telephone numbers, Social Security numbers, insurance ID numbers, and financial information were not included.

“We believe that the information contained on the stolen computers presents a minimal risk of future identity theft or financial fraud,” Brevard stated. “All three computers were password protected with strong passwords. Additionally, all of the data from all three computers will be automatically deleted upon their connection to the internet.”

Brevard also mentioned that it has “enhanced the security” at its office. Additional policies are in place to ensure it is “appropriately secured in the future.”

Martinsville Henry County

Martinsville Henry County (MHC) Coalition for Health and Wellness recently suffered data breach at Bassett Family Practice. The incident involved stolen laptop from the Bassett employee’s car.

Facility believe that the thief was after the laptop and not the information. As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, total 5,806 individuals may have been impacted.

Affected information includes patient names, dates of birth, account numbers, identity of providers, and/or details about patient visits with the practice. There is currently no indication that Social Security numbers or financial information was on the device.

“We are currently upgrading our IT security policies, procedures and related equipment to prevent future information from being stored on a laptop in an unencrypted manner,” Bassett said. “Please understand we value our relationship with you and take the security of your personal information very seriously. We have taken immediate steps and we will continue to evaluate our technology, policies and procedures in our efforts to prevent another occurrence such as this from happening in the future.”

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology. It is designed to enforce that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data in case a device is lost or stolen. AlertSec ACCESS checks all computers and smartphones and detects all encryption types.

Data Breach at Forever 21

November 12th, 2017

Retailer Forever 21 recently suffered data breach. Affected information includes credit and debit card information at some Forever 21 locations. Third party notified the company about the breach.

“We immediately began an investigation of our payment card systems and engaged a leading security and forensics firm to assist us,” the company mentioned.

Forever 21 has encryption and tokenization solutions. It mentioned that only some point of sale (PoS) devices where affected. The company do not  know the affected location.

Obsidian Security CTO Ben Johnson mentioned that the breach is a reminder that every retailer is a target. “Holiday shoppers should be diligent in monitoring their account activity, and should consider Apple Pay or cash if they are feeling less confident about the security of the retailers’ systems,” he said.

“Retailers should understand that any areas of weakness, such as those few systems without multi-factor authentication or encryption, will eventually find themselves victim of compromise,” Johnson added. “In some ways things are improving on the defensive side, but we cannot forget that the attackers often innovate faster.”

Recent survey by SiteLock shows that there is growing concern for online shopping. The findings are as below –

Twenty seven percent worry about the information being compromised

Sixty-five percent mentioned that they will not return to the website after it got hacked

Fifty two percent say a store  which provides a secure payment network makes them confident

Another survey conducted by Paysafe has below findings –

Fifty nine percent of U.S. consumers believe fraud is an inevitable part of shopping online

Fifty eight percent said that they are willing to accept any security measures needed to eradicate fraud

Thirty nine percent of US businesses believe their customers would prefer increased security

“For years, consumers have had to overcome the apprehension that businesses know too much about them — from shoe sizes to food preferences,” Paysafe CEO Todd Linden said in a statement. “But as the payment world evolves, it is this knowledge that will make individuals more secure.”

“The evolution of big data will make payments smarter and easier and help to redress the balance between security and convenience,” Linden added. “Big data will be the ultimate key to tightening up security at PoS, online and in brick and mortar environments.”

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology designed to check that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data even if they are lost or stolen.

Ghostwriter AWS Issue

November 2nd, 2017

Skyhigh Networks researchers is warning about “GhostWriter,”. This entity misconfigures Amazon S3 buckets to allow public write access for a malicious third party to launch man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attacks.

“GhostWriter underlines the fact that security is just not the responsibility of the cloud service providers, but also the customer, and often it is a customer misconfiguration that exposes their data to threat,” Skyhigh chief scientist Sekhar Sarukkai wrote in blog.

According to Skyhigh, more than 1,600 S3 buckets get accessed from the enterprise network. Four percent are exposed to GhostWriter. “Skyhigh has identified thousands of such buckets being accessed from enterprise networks and has shared these affected buckets with AWS for remediation,” Sarukkai wrote.

Affected entities are major news sites, leading retailers, popular cloud services and ad networks.

“Bucket owners who store JavaScript or other code should pay particular attention to this issue to ensure that third parties don’t silently overwrite their code for drive-by attacks, Bitcoin mining or other exploits,” Sarukkai added.

This kind of misconfiguration is creating high profile data breaches which includes expose of 4 million Verizon customers’ data and 3 million WWE fans’ contact details.

Another survey conducted by AlgoSec of 450 senior security and network professionals showed that thirty percent of the participants plan to increase public cloud usage.  Forty four percent said that they faced challenges after migrating to public cloud.

AlgoSec director of communications Joanne Godfrey mentioned that it’s essential for organizations to maintain complete visibility”This enables them to better protect the business and fulfill compliance demands, while taking full advantage of the cost savings and agility offered by the hybrid cloud model,” she said.

“Companies of all sizes are adopting increasingly more complex technical solutions as the market democratizes what was previously reserved for software giants,” Threat Stack CSO Sam Bisbee said in a statement. “This has created an opening for internal and external threats as security teams catch up on cloud, containers, and more.”

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AlertSec ACCESS checks for full disk encryption on PCs running Windows 7, 8, and 10 Home, Pro and Enterprise as well as Mac OS El Capitan and Sierra. AlertSec ACCESS will also verify that all smartphones running iOS and Android are encrypted before access is granted.

DHS and FBI warns of APTs Targeting

October 27th, 2017

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have recently mentioned in a statement that an advanced persistent threat (APT) campaign is specifically targeting government entities and organizations. The affected entities are energy, nuclear, water, aviation and critical manufacturing sectors.

Attackers are targeting low security networks and third party suppliers.

“Based on malware analysis and observed [indicators of compromise], DHS has confidence that this campaign is still ongoing, and threat actors are actively pursuing their ultimate objectives over a long-term campaign,” the alert mentioned

Attackers use public website tor phishing attack.

“As an example, the threat actors downloaded a small photo from a publicly accessible human resources page,” the report states. “The image, when expanded, was a high-resolution photo that displayed control systems equipment models and status information in the background.”

Hackers try to steal login information through security loopholes.

“Although these watering holes may host legitimate content by reputable organizations, the threat actors have altered them to contain and reference malicious content,” the alert mentioned.

“Approximately half of the known watering holes are trade publications and information websites related to process control, ICS, or critical infrastructure.”

Attackers conduct reconnaissance operations after getting into system.

“Specifically, the threat actors focused on identifying and browsing file servers within the intended victim’s network,” the alert states. “The threat actors viewed files pertaining to ICS or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems.”

In one case hackers got inside energy installation systems.

Virsec Systems CEO Atiq Raza told eSecurity Planet that attack has common pattern “Rather than directly attacking high security networks, hackers are doing careful reconnaissance of connected third parties, staging servers or watering holes for insiders,” he said. “Once hackers steal credentials, or find a less secure backdoor, they can quickly pivot to more secure servers, bypassing traditional network perimeter security.”

“IT security needs to assume the perimeter is porous and focus more directly on guarding sensitive applications and data,” Raza added.

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology designed to check that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data even if they are lost or stolen.

Breaches in US Financial Service Organizations

October 23rd, 2017

As per the 2017 Thales Data Threat Report, forty two percent of U.S. financial services organizations got affected by data breach. Survey saw participation of 1,100 senior security executives worldwide. The findings are as below:

Twenty four percent of the organizations suffered data breach in last year alone

Nineteen percent suffered data breach in 2016

Eighty-six percent of participants believe they are vulnerable to data threats.

Ninety six percent will use sensitive data in an advanced technology environment

“Data breaches continue to hit the headlines and, as recently illustrated by the Equifax breach, the financial services industry is a prime target for hackers,” Thales e-Security vice president of strategy Peter Galvin said in a statement.

“As digitization continues to transform the industry’s online infrastructures it is critical organizations implement data security solutions that follow the data — wherever it is created, shared or stored,” Galvin added.

A recent survey conducted by ISMG survey of over 250 banking and security leaders found that 38 percent have confidence in threat detection deployed by companies.

“This survey certainly shows that while consumers may shoulder many direct costs and burdens associated with fraud, institutions are also suffering substantially,” NuData Security marketing director Lisa Baergen told eSecurity Planet by email.

“The global uptick in fraud, coupled with ever-increasing amounts of PII available on the black market, makes financial institutions more vulnerable and as a result, their security investments are growing yet their confidence in them isn’t,” Baergen added.

As per Symantec’s Q2 Mobile Threat Intelligence Report: Mobility and Finance found that twenty five percent of mobile devices used by employees at financial services organizations are at risk.

“Since user behavior is such a huge factor in mobile security, user education is one of the most important things an organization can do to… minimize the threat to their organizations through mobile devices,” the report suggests.

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology. It is designed to enforce that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data in case a device is lost or stolen. AlertSec ACCESS checks all computers and smartphones and detects all encryption types.

North Korea Hackers Hit US Companies

October 14th, 2017

FireEye researchers recently mentioned that spear phishing emails were sent to U.S. electric companies which can be traced back to North Korea.

The emails contained fake invitations to a fundraiser. Anyone who opened attachment will get malware.

The researchers mentioned that the attack is early-stage reconnaissance.

“Nation-states often conduct cyber espionage operations to gather intelligence and prepare for contingencies, especially at times of high tension,” the researchers wrote.

Two years ago North Korean hackers has released sensitive data on South Korean nuclear power plants.

Researchers mentioned that North Korea linked hackers are bold and “likely remain committed to pursuing targets in the energy sector, especially in South Korea and among the U.S. and its allies, as a means of deterring potential war or sowing disorder during a time of armed conflict.”

“North Korea linked hackers are among the most profilic nation-state threats, targeting not only the U.S. and South Korea but the global financial system and nations worldwide,” the researchers wrote. “Their motivations vary from economic enrichment to traditional espionage to sabotage, but all share the hallmark of an ascendant cyber power willing to violate international norms with little regard for potential blowback.”

Eddie Habibi, CEO of PAS Global mentioned that with the growing tension between US and North Korea the frequency of the attack will rise.

And while critical infrastructure is as prepared as it has ever been for phishing attacks, Habibi said, it’s not well prepared for the consequences of attacks that provide the attackers with “access to the process control networks where you find systems that control volatile processes or ensure worker safety.”

“These systems are often 15 or 20 years old and consequently do not adhere to today’s secure by design principles,” Habibi said. “They are also not visible to security personnel, which makes detecting and reacting sufficiently to compromise difficult at best. Exploiting these systems can lead to loss of production, shareholder value, and even life under certain circumstances.”

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology. It is designed to enforce that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data in case a device is lost or stolen. AlertSec ACCESS checks all computers and smartphones and detects all encryption types.

North Korean Hackers

October 11th, 2017

South Korean ruling party lawmaker Lee Cheol-hee said that North Korean hackers have stole 235 GB of data from South Korea’s Defense Integrated Data Center which includes operational plans created by Seoul and Washington for all-out war with North Korea.

The data includes plans for “decapitating” the North Korean leadership if war breaks out. It also includes contingency plan.

“The Ministry of National Defense has yet to find out about the content of 182 GB of the total [stolen] data,” he said.

As per the Pentagon spokesman Colonel Rob Manning, all key information remains secure. “I can assure you that we are confident in the security of our operations plans and our ability to deal with any threat from North Korea,” he said.

“We’ll continue to work closely with our partners in the international community in identifying, tracking and countering any cyber threats,” Manning added.

As per the AlienVault threat engineer Chris Doman, hacker group responsible for the attacks is possibly a subgroup of the attackers behind WannaCry, the Sony breach, and the SWIFT hacks. “They are very active, and I continue to see new malware samples from them every week,” he said.

“In Ukraine, the number of cyber attacks, and their level of sophistication, rose with fighting on the ground,” Comodo senior research scientist Kenneth Geers said. “The threat of sudden decapitation via cyber and traditional strikes may force Kim Jong-un into making desperate moves.”

“Cyber is more unpredictable than traditional weaponry, because you may lose control of your assets before you know it,” Geers added. “Given that the risk is international nuclear war, there are no limits on what both sides might do in cyberspace to prepare the battlespace, in an effort to improve the prospects of victory for their side.”

Geers also mentioned that North Korean hackers may plan sabotage operations in case of war. “It is possible that North Korea might receive cyber help from Russia and/or China, who may perceive an interest in undermining U.S. geopolitical goals, as well as testing national cyber capabilities,” he said.

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology designed to check that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data even if they are lost or stolen.

Fast Flux Botnets is a Security Risk

October 8th, 2017

Attackers use many techniques which is hidden in nature. Akamai research mentioned that a botnet with over 14,000 IP addresses uses fast flux DNS technique to avoid detection. It is technique which uses Domain Name System (DNS) to hide the source of an attack.

Multiple sets of IP address are rapidly swapped in and out of the DNS records which avoids detection. Most of the attack are coming from eastern Europe.

“No attribution to a specific attacker, but the research shows that the majority of botnet IP addresses are from Ukraine, Romania and Russia,” Or Katz, Principal Lead Security Researcher, Akamai, told eSecurityPlanet.

Botnets have been using fast flux techniques earlier which includes the zBot and Avalanche networks.

It is not a new technique. The focus of the research conducted by Akamai is to show analysis using data science approaches.

“According to the evidence we were able to collect, we assume that the botnet infrastructure is based on compromised machines and the machines that are associated with the botnet are constantly changing,” Katz said. “The fast flux technique being used is abusing the features of DNS in a way that serve their objectives.”

Akamai has not given the specifics of the attack.

“While tracking fast flux botnet is challenging, it is possible to do so by using algorithms that capture the fluxing behavior by looking on the relevant features, and this can lead to detecting such networks out-of-the-box,” Katz said.

One can detect botnets attack by having threat landscape visibility along with DNS and web traffic monitoring.

“Fast flux botnets are using domain names as the way for communication with malware,” Katz said. “Having algorithms that can track those domain names, once they start to become active, can reduce the effectiveness of such botnets.”

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AlertSec ACCESS checks for full disk encryption on PCs running Windows 7, 8, and 10 Home, Pro and Enterprise as well as Mac OS El Capitan and Sierra. AlertSec ACCESS will also verify that all smartphones running IOS and Android are encrypted before access is granted.

Outsourcing Solution for Skill Gap?

October 5th, 2017

A recent survey shows that there is huge skill gap in security staff. Three hundred and fifteen IT security professionals participated. Seventy two percent mentioned that it is difficult to hire skilled staff.

Ninety percent of the participants believe that technology vendors can help to address the skills gap. Ninety six percent believe automation can solve skill gap.

Tripwire sponsored the survey and was conducted by Dimensional Research. Forty seven percent of respondents are worried about losing security capabilities due to skill gap.

Other findings include –

Fifty two percent mentioned that they’re concerned about coping up with vulnerabilities

Twenty nine percent are concerned about keeping track of devices and software on the network

Twenty four percent are concerned about identifying and responding to issues in a timely manner

“Considering the recent high-profile threats that have been attributed to unpatched systems, it’s no wonder respondents are concerned that a technical skills gap could leave their organizations exposed to new vulnerabilities,” Tripwire vice president of product management and strategy Tim Erlin said in a statement.

Eight percent believe they need expertise in the cloud.

“Growing adoption of cloud, IoT and DevOps brings about new challenges that security teams with need to keep up with, and if organizations want to bridge a technical skills gap they should look to work with security vendors and managed security providers who can help them address today’s major attack types, while also offering training to their existing IT teams,” Erlin said.

“As security continues to become an even bigger challenge for organizations, we can expect to see more and more businesses outsourcing to gain security expertise in the future,” he added.

Another (ISC)2 survey of more than 3,300 IT professionals stated that there is no adequate  resources for security training.

Only thirty five percent said that there is active action taken on security issues.

“Security is a shared responsibility across any enterprise or government agency,” (ISC)2 CEO David Shearer said in a statement. “Unless IT is adequately trained and enabled to apply best practices across all systems, even the best security plan is vulnerable to failure.”

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AlertSec ACCESS is a patent pending technology designed to check that devices are encrypted before access to a network is granted. Encrypted devices secure your data even if they are lost or stolen.