Archive for the ‘Malware’ category

IoT Security Skills in Energy Companies

December 5th, 2017

Inmarsat survey of senior IT decision makers from 100 large energy companies worldwide shows that fifty four percent need additional security skills to deliver successful IoT projects. Fifty three percent need to make significant investments to fulfill requirements.

Other findings include-

Only two percent mentioned that IoT do not create new challenges

Thirty percent said they have given special consideration for IoT in security apparatus

Fifty nine percent mentioned that their board has insufficient knowledge of IoT

“The core operations of energy companies have traditionally been insulated from the destructive cyber attacks that have destablized other industries, as they were not connected to the Internet,” Inmarsat senior director for energy Chuck Moseley said in a statement. “But with the advent of IoT, more and more parts of their infrastructure are being connected, creating new vulnerabilities and risks.”

“Worryingly, our research shows that many energy businesses lack the security processes and skills to address these new vulnerabilities,” Moseley added. “This needs to be quickly addressed, and it must be driven by senior leadership within energy businesses, to ensure that they do not miss out on the huge potential value that IoT can bring to the energy sector.”

Another survey conducted by CyberX study of 375 industrial networks worldwide shows that thirty one percent are connected to the public Internet. Seventy six percent are running outdated and unpatchable operating systems like Windows XP and Windows 2000.

“Most of these ICS/SCADA sites were built years ago, long before the proliferation of Internet connectivity and the need for real-time intelligence,” the report states. “The key priorities were performance and reliability rather than security.”

“We don’t want to be cyber Cassandras — and this isn’t about creating FUD — but we think business leaders should have a realistic, data-driven view of the current risk and what can be done about it,” CyberX CEO and co-founder Omer Schneider said in a statement.

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AlertSec ACCESS checks for full disk encryption on PCs running Windows 7, 8, and 10 Home, Pro and Enterprise as well as Mac OS El Capitan and Sierra.

Ransomware Attack and Phony Websites

November 23rd, 2017

ECKAAA

East Central Kansas Area Agency on Aging (ECKAAA) mentioned that they were affected by the ransomware attack.The incident left files encrypted and inaccessible to the company. Cybersecurity company is hired to investigate.

“The ransomware only affected portions of ECKAAA’s server; not every file stored on the server was encrypted,” the statement read. “Although not every file was encrypted, the ransomware perpetrators would have had access to every file stored on the attacked server. Based on its investigation, the company does not believe any data was removed from ECKAAA’s servers.”

Affected information includes names, addresses, and telephone numbers. They also may have contained names, addresses, telephone numbers, dates of birth, Social Security numbers and/or Medicaid numbers.

Facility mentioned that they have backups and the services are not hampered. As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, total 8,750 individuals possibly got affected by this incident.

“ECKAAA has also provided education to its workforce regarding ransomware, including, but not limited to, the importance of using robust passwords,” ECKAAA continued. “All passwords were changed following the ransomware incident. ECKAAA also intends to update its cybersecurity policies and procedures as necessary to prevent similar incidents in the future. As of October 30, 2017, no malicious activity has been detected.”

PHONY WEBSITES

The Recovery Institute of the South East, P.A. (RISE Therapeutic Services) mentioned that it was victim of cyber attack.

Organization said that certain individuals may have been contacted by websites that were claiming to be connected to RISE

“As of now we know that it was used to redirect any contact through the website, email, and also the phone number,” RISE stated. “Through Psychology Today it was confirmed that approximately 200 plus calls and 75 plus emails through their site were rerouted to an unauthorized individual who has yet to be identified.”

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AlertSec ACCESS checks for full disk encryption on PCs running Windows 7, 8, and 10 Home, Pro and Enterprise as well as Mac OS El Capitan and Sierra. AlertSec ACCESS will also verify that all smartphones running iOS and Android are encrypted before access is granted.

Ukraine’s Postal Service Hit

August 11th, 2017

Ukraine’s national postal service website Ukrposhta was hit by DDoS attacks for two days. The facility mentioned that it was able to start the service after the first day attack. On the second day, the service was slowed down by the attack.

Igal Zeifman Imperva director of marketing said that its not unusual to see such repeat attacks. “Recently, such tactics had become more common due to their ability to disrupt some security measures and cause fatigue to the people in charge of the attack mitigation, forcing them to stay alert even in the quiet time between attacks,” he said.

“In the first quarter of the year, we saw the number of such repeat assaults reach an all-time high, with over 74 percent of DDoS targets attacked at last twice in the span of that quarter,” Zeifman added.

Ukposhta was attacked earlier by hackers. In the late June it was impacted by NotPetya attacks.

As per Kaspersky Lab Q2 2017 DDoS Intelligence Report this quarter saw a 277-hour DDoS attack and 131 percent longer than the longest DDoS attack in Q1 2017.

It also mentioned that DDoS attacks hit 86 countries, up from 72 countries in Q1 2017. The most affected countries were China, South Korea, the U.S., Hong Kong, the U.K., Russia, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada and France.

Kaspersky also said that there is an increase in Ransom DDoS or RDos attacks

“Nowadays, it’s not just experienced teams of hi-tech cybercriminals that can be Ransom DDoS attackers,” Kaspersky Lab head of DDoS protection Kirill Ilganaev said in a statement. “Any fraudster who doesn’t even have the technical knowledge or skill to organize a full-scale DDoS attack can purchase a demonstrative attack for the purpose of extortion.”

“These people are mostly picking unsavvy companies that don’t protect their resources from DDoS in any way and therefore can be easily convinced to pay ransom with a simple demonstration,” Ilganaev added.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Complex Malware Installed by Simple Phishing Attacks

August 9th, 2017

A new JScript back door called Bateleur distributed by the FIN7 (a.k.a Carbanak) hacker group through phishing emails targeting U.S.-based restaurant chains has been identified by Proofpoint researchers.

The modus operands is simple. The receiver gets the email containing document which contains macro. The message of the email is “here is the check as discussed.”

The executed macro creates a scheduled task to run Bateleur which then sleeps for three seconds and then again executes Bateleur and then sleeps for 10 seconds. Finally, it deletes the scheduled task.

“The combined effect of these commands is to run Bateleur on the infected system in a roundabout manner in an attempt to evade detection,” the researchers note.

The JScript macro contains anti-sandbox and anti-analysis functionality.

“We continue to see regular changes to the tactics and tools used by FIN7 in their attempt to infect more targets and evade detection,” the researchers state. “The Bateleur JScript back door and new macro-laden documents appear to be the latest in the group’s expanding toolset, providing new means of infection, additional ways of hiding their activity, and growing capabilities for stealing information and executing commands directly on victim machines.”

Simon Taylor, vice president of products at Glasswall, mentioned that though the software is complex, a method of installing it is very straight forward through phishing email.

“Phishing is a tried and true method for attackers — largely because it is predictably and repeatedly successful,” he said.

“Historically, the security industry has attempted to change employee behaviour,” Taylor added. “But while education helps, cyber criminals are continuously adjusting their techniques and the authenticity of their messages in order to stay several steps ahead of their victims.”

“Humans are and always will be the weakest link in an organization, and going forward, defense and detection strategies must change to address these inevitable challenges,” Taylor said.

Cyber Resilience

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U.S Election Systems Attacked by Russian Hackers

June 22nd, 2017

Thirty-nine states were hit by Russian hackers prior to the 2016 U.S. election. In Illinois, hackers got access to the database and tried to delete or alter voters data. A software was also accessed which was used by poll workers on Election Day.

“Last year, as we detected intrusions into websites managed by election officials around the country, the administration worked relentlessly to protect our election infrastructure,” Eric Schultz, spokesman for former President Barack Obama, told Bloomberg.

“Given that our election systems are so decentralized, that effort meant working with Democratic and Republican election administrators from all across the country to bolster their cyber defenses.”

A former senior U.S official mentioned that Russians now possess knowledge of U.S. election systems prior to the next presidential election.

“The U.S. must start putting precautions in place today that assures voter data and election systems are protected, or else history is bound to repeat itself.”Seclore CEO Vishal Gupta said.

Federal agents found traces of hacking into the database. Many states refused to cooperate with the agency.

“It’s laughable how systems we thought were immune to attack were so woefully under-secured.” Venafi chief security strategist Kevin Bocek said.

“We’ve seen this with ATMs and POS systems,” Bocek added. “The finance and retail industries have effectively responded to their own deep vulnerabilities, and now state, local and federal governments need to respond in the same way to protect voting systems.”

“Without a record of who is accessing, changing or deleting data, it’s virtually impossible to detect the compromise,” he said. “It’s not hard to imagine a scenario where voter data has been compromised but has gone undetected due to lack of auditing or evidence of a breach.”Varonis vice president of field engineering Ken Spinner said

“It’s more important than ever to monitor file activity and user behaviour, so that if an outside party is attempting to manipulate or delete information — as happened in Illinois — that activity is able to be flagged and investigated right away,” Spinner added.

“Whether you’re a small company or a national government, the best risk reduction is to limit access to those who need it the most, keeping sensitive data locked down, and to monitor data access so that when something suspicious happens, you can catch it before it turns into global headlines,” Spinner said.

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The Alertsec service protects everything stored on the computer such as Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Gmail, Photos, Credit Card data files etc. Perhaps, most importantly, your login credentials to cloud applications are protected. 

Keeping sensitive information from leaks

April 11th, 2017

Today companies needs to keep the data very secure due to need of protecting corporate data and  also regulations which require consumer data to be protected. EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) are increasing the fines for non compliance. It is daunting task for companies to comply with regulations.

“I can see the difference from before GDPR and after GDPR,” he said of companies scrambling to shore up data leaks. “Even if I have a tiny office somewhere, I need to check for confidential data.” And automating this scrutiny is the only way to effectively manage it.” said Angel Serrano, senior manager of advanced risk and compliance analytics at PwC UK in London.

What is DLP?

ISACA mention it “data leak prevention”.

Gartner calls it “data loss protection” or “data loss prevention”.

It prevents unauthorized users from sending sensitive data.

“DLP is not one thing, like a tomato,” GBT Technologies co-founder Uzi Yair said, referring to GBT’s enterprise suite of products. In addition to more traditional practices such as scanning endpoints, network and storage as well as policy management and workflow tools, it includes an information rights management (IRM) policy server that applies file-level control over who has access to what, where – it might be solely on-premises – and when.

Recent reports on DLP has below highlights:

  • An average of 20 data loss incidents occur every day all around the world
  • Eighty three percent of organisations have security solutions but still thirty three percent suffer from data loss
  • DLP detects incidents and has regular expressions, dictionary-based rules, and unstructured data for breach detection.
  • Many facilities use DLP only for email instead of full business applications

DLP takes two forms:

  • Agent software for desktops and servers, physical and virtual appliances for monitoring networks and agents, or soft appliances for data discovery
  • Integrated DLP products that may offer more limited functionality

“All these web applications like Google Drive and Office 365 are integrating with other satellite applications,” said Krishna Narayanaswamy, founder and chief scientist at Netskope.” Salesforce uses Google Drive as a place to store files. DocuSign can put documents in Google Drive. You need to be at all the points where data is going into these applications. You need to be able to inspect that data at rest and determine who uploaded that data. Also inspect and apply policies to outgoing email.”

Many companies do not use new ways.

“The new generation considers email a dinosaur. They go to social media – Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook – you have to cover those as well. More and more communication is coming via SSL, and that’s a big blank spot that many DLP vendors have not considered,” Narayanaswamy said.

“When you look at the web, there are many reasons for sending data from inside to the outside,” Narayanaswamy said. “Modern applications constantly post information about how users are using the application, response times, and so forth, to improve user experience. When you look at every post transaction, there’s a potential for many false positives,” which have been the bane of DLP.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by CheckPoint and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Ransomeware attack at ABCD

April 8th, 2017

ABCD Pediatrics recently suffered ransomware attack. According to the statement, a virus was inserted to gain access to the healthcare organization’s servers. Patient data was encrypted in the process. Facility contacted IT personnel to take all servers offline. It is conducting detailed analysis.

Experts came to conclusion that this particular type of virus has likely not removed the information from the server.  Facility also mentioned that user accounts may have been accessed through it’s network. Affected information includes names, addresses, phone numbers, dates of birth, Social Security numbers, insurance billing information, medical records, and lab reports.

As per the OCR data breach reporting tool, approximately 55,447 patients may have been affected. ABCD has successfully removed the virus from the system. Corrupted data was also removed from its servers. Secure backup of the facility is not affected and thus used to restore all impacted data. It also mentioned that no PHI was lost or destroyed in the incident.

“Also, please note that ABCD never received any ransom demands or other communications from unknown persons,” ABCD stated. “However, ABCD remains concerned because it discovered user logs indicating that computer programs or persons may have been on the server for a limited period of time.”

Facility has upgraded it cyber security monitoring program to stop future incidents. Call centre is setup for the affected patients.

“Patients also can place a fraud alert on their credit files with the three major credit reporting agencies. A fraud alert is a consumer statement added to one’s credit report. The fraud alert signals creditors to take additional steps to verify one’s identity prior to granting credit. This service can make it more difficult for someone to get credit in one’s name, though it may also delay one’s ability to obtain credit while the agency verifies identity.”

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

iCloud hacking incident

March 27th, 2017

“Turkish Crime Family”, the group of hacker is threatening to reset millions of iCloud accounts and delete all data from iPhones if ransom of $75,000 in crypto currency or $100,000 in iTunes gift cards is not paid.

Apple mentioned that its systems are not hacked.

“There have not been any breaches in any of Apple’s systems including iCloud and Apple ID,” the company mentioned. “The alleged list of email addresses and passwords appears to have been obtained from previously compromised third-party services.”

“To protect against these types of attacks, we always recommend that users always use strong passwords, not use those same passwords across sites and turn on two-factor authentication,” the company added.

As per the reports, passwords and email addresses matched to data from the linkedin breach that was disclosed last year.

John Bambenek, threat systems manager at Fidelis Cybersecurity, said the threat ultimately sounds like a stunt. “There are always people who make unfounded threats to organizations in the hope of an easy payday — in this case, the hackers want $100,000 in iTunes gift cards,” he said.

“Companies must take due diligence but assess the adversary before paying to see if the threat is real,” Bambenek added. “As in the physical world, the odds are that paying a ransom, especially in a public manner, means the threats only increase.”

Still, Lamar Bailey, director of security research and development for Tripwire mentioned that iPhones can be wiped remotely if hacker posses the data.

“The hackers cannot remove backups for Apple devices from the cloud, but changing the passwords will make it hard for the legitimate users to reset and recover their devices,” Bailey said.

In recent survey of 1001 iPhone users, forty seven percent said that they are not comfortable in storing sensitive data in icloud.

“The worst thing in the world would be if someone thought they backed something up, deleted it, and found that it wasn’t on the cloud,” Network Remedy business development manager Aaron Mangal told Clutch.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by CheckPoint and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Funding for bug bounty vendor

February 9th, 2017

As per the recent news, one can make money in the rewarding business of security researchers for finding security vulnerabilities. HackerOne published that they have raised a $40M Series C round of funding. Total funding received till date for the San Francisco based company is $74 Million.

Dragoneer Investment Group led new round of funding. It will be used to help HackerOne grow its business.

“HackerOne is at the forefront of the burgeoning bug bounty movement,” Marc Stad, Founder and Managing Partner of Dragoneer Investment Group, said in a statement. “It is borderline silly for a company not to utilize a bug bounty platform given the immediate reduction in security vulnerabilities and the relatively low price point compared to other security options.”

Rice, co-founder and CTO of HackerOne in the video interview mentioned the statistics of business growth. Also, discussed the bugs found by HackerOne’s community of researchers.

Hacking the pentagon program was one of the major successes of HackerOne. The results were positive. It has 1,400 security researchers participating in the program. It also discovered 138 serious vulnerabilities which were fixed quickly. Also, the U.S. Department of Defense also got involved in the program.

HackerOne faces competition from bug bounty vendor Bugcrowd. The rival has raised $24 million in funding to date which includes $15 million Series B round.

“When I started the company in 2013, I spent most of my time explaining what a bug bounty was to people,”Bugcrowd founder and CEO Casey Ellis said. “I don’t have to do that anymore.”

“How we do things today is we prove a concept manually first, apply human intelligence to the problem set and then take the repeatable learnings and codify that,” Ellis said.

The market of buy bounty is competitive but there is demand. Rice also mentioned that more bugs have been found by third party bug bounty companies as compared to vendors.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Data breach at Delaware

January 21st, 2017

Sixteen self-insured customers and nineteen thousand Highmark members were vulnerable due to a potential attack at Highmark Blue Cross Blue Shield in Delaware.The Delaware Department of Insurance released the information to the public after the incident.

Summit Reinsurance Services, Inc., in Indiana and BCS Financial in Illinois were the two subcontractors involved in the breach. Highmark didn’t specify the explicit nature of the breach. According to the reports, this incident is one of the several data breaches which is related to Summit Reinsurance Services, Inc. in 2016.

Early in November 2016, Summit reported a ransomware attack which impacted thousands of current and former Black Hawk College employees. Affected information contained PHI, including Social Security numbers and health insurance information.

There was also a potential data breach at Louisiana Health Cooperative, Inc. A ransomware compromised sensitive patient information including Social Security numbers.

Trinidad Navarro, the Delaware Insurance Commissioner mentioned that they are looking into the breach.

“I would like to ensure Delaware consumers that the Department of Insurance takes this matter seriously and is currently investigating how this occurred,” Navarro said. “I have directed my staff to closely monitor the situation as it develops. Many Delawareans have received mailed correspondence from Summit Reinsurance explaining the breach. Unfortunately, we fear that many may have misinterpreted or inadvertently discarded the latter as some form of sales ad.”

The Delaware Department of Insurance is helping affected patients by providing resources to answer any questions.

“The Commissioner has ordered an investigation into the reported breach. Highmark Blue Cross Blue Shield of Delaware is cooperating with the Delaware Department of Insurance to resolve the matter.”

“If consumers have received a letter from SummitRe regarding this situation and have questions, they may contact the Delaware Department of Insurance.”

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