Archive for the ‘Security Flaw’ category

Deloitte Firm Data Breach

September 26th, 2017

Deloitte firm suffered data breach when it was hit last year by a cyber attack. The incident affected confidential emails and plans of at least six of its clients. Firm mentioned that attack was privileged, unrestricted ‘access to all areas.

Affected information also included usernames, passwords, IP addresses, architectural diagrams for businesses and health information.

As per the statement “In response to a cyber incident, Deloitte implemented its comprehensive security protocol and began an intensive and thorough review including mobilizing a team of cybersecurity and confidentiality experts inside and outside of Deloitte.”

“As part of the review, Deloitte has been in contact with the very few clients impacted and notified governmental authorities and regulators,” the company added.

As per the source, the exact duration was not known to the company.

“I think it’s unfortunate how we have handled this and swept it under the rug,” the source told Krebs. “It wasn’t a few emails like reported. They accessed the entire email database and all admin accounts. But we never notified our advisory clients or our cyber Intel clients.”

Raytheon chief strategy officer for cyber services Josh Douglas mentioned that data was not protected properly. “Two-factor authentication … is a basic part of cyber hygiene, and while it might not have prevented the intrusion altogether, it would have at least slowed the attackers and forced them to use more sophisticated methods,” he said.

He added that 2FA alone isn’t enough. “Organizations need to hunt threats to their network proactively and adopt an incident response plan that prevents or limits the exfiltration of sensitive data,” he said. “Comprehensive cybersecurity is especially important in the era of cloud computing, where companies are storing sensitive data remotely. As we tell our clients, cloud computing puts your information on someone else’s computer — so it’s vital to protect the cloud exactly as you would your own servers.”

“Some key elements to such a strategy are an optimally deployed and tuned SIEM platform leveraging machine learning, a combination of internal and external expertise actively engaged in analysis, and the use of deception technology to identify active attackers and suspicious behavior,” Netsurion CISO John Christly said.

VASCO Data Security CMO John Gunn mentioned growing trends among hacker to attack other confidential. ”This was first evidenced by the successful attack on newswire services that yielded hackers more than $100 million of insider trading profits, and more recently with the successful breach of the SEC for confidential information on publicly traded companies,” he said.

“Firms such as Deloitte that have troves of sensitive, non-public information that could be used for illegal trading activity will find themselves increasingly in the cross-hairs of sophisticated hacking organizations,” Gunn added.

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Cybrary raises Series A Funding

September 22nd, 2017

Cybrary raised $3.5 million in a Series A round of funding led by Arthur Ventures. Tenable Network Security’s founder, Ron Gula also got involved in a new round.

The Greenbelt, Md. provider of cybersecurity training services is planning to use the funds for content catalogue and grow its online learning and testing technology platform. Millions of people till date has acquired knowledge of cyber security on the Cybrary.

The offerings include web application penetration testing, Metasploit penetration testing software and ethical hacking.

There is growing number of data breaches which is amplified due to lack of skilled security experts. Last week Equifax disclosed a data breach which affected names, addresses, driver’s license numbers, birthdates and social security numbers—valuable personal identifiable information that can facilitate identity theft.

“Beyond addressing core cybersecurity and IT skills, the material available on Cybrary focuses in on specialized areas that are lacking across industries such as incident response, technical project management, malware analysis, and penetration testing,” said Ralph Sita, co-Founder and CEO.

“Cybrary brings together people, companies, content, and technology to create an ever-growing catalogue of online courses and experiential learning tools that provide IT and cyber security learning opportunities to anyone, anytime, anywhere, continued Sita.

“With free video courses, the platform works to bridge the skills gap by providing access to tools professionals need to be competent and confident,” he said. “The open-source model fosters this ecosystem of information sharing in order to create a frictionless environment where those professionals can learn at their own pace and assess their skills while interacting with the community of over 1.2 million users.”

There is more to the offerings.

“Cybrary’s course catalogue will be the world’s largest portfolio of courses and tutorials covering unique products, industry best practices, skills-based certifications, career-based learning paths, and more. We’ve seen a huge demand for topics like data science, secure coding, enterprise risk assessment, and software development,” said Sita. “Be on the lookout for those additions in the near future.”

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Cloud Security Error Affects Half a Million Voters

September 16th, 2017

Kromtech researchers recently found a misconfigured CouchDB database which affected information of 593,328 Alaskan voters.

“When the database was configured, administrators bypassed important security settings that were set to ‘public’ instead of ‘private,’ allowing anyone with an Internet connection to gain access [to] the repository,” Kromtech chief security communications officer Bob Diachenko wrote in a blog post analyzing the breach.

TargetSmart CEO Tom Bonier mentioned that the breach was due to the third party. “We’ve learned that Equals3, an AI software company based in Minnesota, appears to have failed to secure some of their data and some data they license from TargetSmart, and that a database approximately 593,000 Alaska voters appears to have been inadvertently exposed, but not accessed by anyone other than the security researchers on our team and the team that identified the exposure,” he said.

Kromtech vice president of strategic alliances Alex Kernishniuk said that system needs to be updated”This is yet another wakeup call for companies, governments, and political organizations to audit their networks, servers and storage devices and ensure they take the proper security precautions,” he said.

Kromtech also discovered another breach where it affected 3,065,805 WWE fans’ personal information and 48,000 Indian citizens’ personal data.

Dome9 co-founder and CEO Zohar Alon told eSecurity Planet by email that it’s more important than ever for companies to define strict controls and practices for the handling of sensitive data.

“Attackers are looking for two things: repositories with data of value to organizations, and weak security practices,” he said.

“As more data makes its way to the public cloud and security practices around CouchDB become more standardized and robust, attackers will shift their attention to other low-hanging fruit, and exploit commonly known security gaps such as misconfigurations,” Alon added.

“With 2017 having already set new records in terms of the magnitude of cyber attacks, boards should be aware that it’s only a matter of time until their organization will be breached since most still lack efficient security shields,” Bitdefender Senior eThreat Analyst Bogdan Botezatu said in a statement.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Equifax Web Application Vulnerability

September 9th, 2017

Equifax mentioned that there was Web application vulnerability in May to July which exposed data of 143 million U.S. consumers.

Affected data includes names, Social Security numbers, birthdates and addresses, as well as some driver’s license numbers. Credit card numbers for approximately 209,000 consumers and dispute documents with personally identifiable information for approximately 182,000 consumers were accessed.

As per the global security strategist at Absolute, Richard Henderson – “Many people are going to lose their jobs, including Equifax executives, people will be brought before Congress to explain what happened, and consumer trust in all of the credit reporting agencies will be eroded.”

“It may be time for us to reconsider exactly how we allow companies to store all of this data,” Henderson added. “It’s clear that these mega-databases are prime targets for attack, and we may need to take a hard look at legislative changes that will force data brokers and collectors to take security up a few levels.”

“I apologize to consumers and our business customers for the concern and frustration this causes,” Equifax chairman and CEO Richard F. Smith said in a statement. “We pride ourselves on being a leader in managing and protecting data, and we are conducting a thorough review of our overall security operations.”

As per Illumio head of cybersecurity strategy Nathaniel Gleicher it is difficult to keep large data secure.

“Even large organizations struggle because it’s far too easy for intruders to slip across the perimeter and then bide their time inside compromised networks until they can get to the most valuable data,” Gleicher said. “If we want to stop breaches like this, we have to get much better at stopping lateral movement within compromised networks.”

As per chairman and founder of CyberScout, Adam Levin highlights the importance of implementing multi-factor authentication.

“While we don’t yet know the full dimensions of the Equifax breach, where the most sensitive information of over a third of the American population could have been exposed to cybercriminals, tens of millions of us are now forced to look over our shoulders for the rest of our lives because tons of Social Security numbers, the skeleton key to our lives, are out there for cybercriminals to steal and exploit,” Levin said.

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The Alertsec service protects everything stored on the computer such as Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Gmail, Photos, Credit Card data files etc.

Current State of IOT

August 30th, 2017

As per the recent reports, a list of IP addresses and login credentials for more than 8,000 telnet-accessible Internet of Things (IoT) devices was posted on Pastebin. GDI Foundation chairman Victor Gevers mentioned that out of 8,233 devices only 144 has different login credentials. He also mentioned that the common credentials are root:[blank] (782 instances), admin:admin (634), root:root (320), admin:default (21), and default:.

Varonis technical evangelist Brian Vecci told that a leak as big as this one opens the door to a wide variety of infections and exploits. “Not only do consumers need to be mindful of what they put on their network and do what they can to secure their devices, but manufacturers have an obligation to make security an essential part of the design with IoT products,” he said.

Vecci said that defaults settings is an open invitation for attackers.

“Device manufacturers need to build better security into the design of their products and services to ensure that even if a consumer doesn’t take the time to customize the device, it’s not accessible and inviting abuse,” Vecci added. “Some manufacturers, for example, are beginning to minimize the risk of devices being hacked by randomizing factory default credentials and disabling remote access by default.”

As per the recent Irdeto survey, 90 percent mentioned that the cyber security should be inbuilt in IOT devices.

“Today’s connected world needs consumers to be vigilant about security threats,” Irdeto director of IoT security Mark Hearn said in a statement. “On the device manufacturer side, there must be a better ‘defense-in-depth’ approach to cyber security that integrates multiple layers of security into a system. This approach, combined with ongoing security updates to protect against the latest threats, is critical to mitigate attacks targeting IoT technologies.”

New IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2017 was introduced in the US to tackle security issues.

“My hope is that this legislation will remedy the obvious market failure that has occurred and encourage device manufacturers to compete on the security of their products,” bill co-sponsor Sen. Mark Warner said at the time.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

AI to Hunt Security Threat

August 25th, 2017

Versive which is based in Seattle recently raised  $12.7 million in a round of funding from Goldman Sachs, Formation 8, Madrona Venture Group and Vulcan Capital. Total investment till date is $54.7 million.

Versive Security Engine is the firm’s products which uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies for critical threats involving networks and the data. As per the CEO Joseph Polverari, product is “an intelligent, automated threat-hunting solution, built on Versive’s award-winning, enterprise-scale artificial intelligence platform,”

“The Versive Security Engine was developed specifically to help cyber security practitioners effectively harness the power of AI to detect, identify, and mitigate advanced adversaries in ways not previously possible,” continued Polverari.

Versive has also announced a strategic partnership with big data and machine learning specialist Cloudera. Company plans to combine Versive’s AI technology and Cloudera’s analytics and machine learning capabilities.

“Using the Cloudera platform, Apache Spot’s open-data models, and the Versive Security Engine, enterprises can detect attackers that would be unseen with other approaches,” said Sam Heywood, director of Cloudera Cybersecurity Strategy.

Venture capital has increased participation in AI based Cybersecurity firms.

Bricata raised $8 million in a Series A round. It uses AI and machine learning technologies in its intrusion detection and prevention solution.

Darktrace announced that it had raised $75 million in a Series D round of funding.

“It marks another critical milestone for the company as we experience unprecedented growth in the U.S. market and are rapidly expanding across Latin America and Asia Pacific in particular, as organizations are increasingly turning to our AI approach to enhance their resilience to cyber-attackers.”Nicole Eagan, CEO at Darktrace said.

AI-enabled risk-detection solution, San Jose, Calif.-based Balbix mentioned that it got $8.6 million in investments.

Balbix is predictive risk analytics platform which shows results in a heat map.

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Alertsec is powered by Check Point Endpoint Security products, which are positioned in the leader’s quadrant in Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Mobile Data Protection.

New Phishing Attack

August 19th, 2017

Comodo researchers found a new ransomware campaign which targeted tens of thousands using simple email which contained only attachment and no text. The file name is E 2017-08-09 (xxx).xxx with the number in parentheses and different file extension with each email.

After the click on the attachment, a new Locky ransomware variant called IKARUSdilapidated is downloaded.

“Named for the appearances of ‘IKARUSdilapidated’ in the code string, it is clearly related to the ‘Locky’ Trojan and shares some of its characteristics,” the researchers note. “As a new malware variant, it is read as an ‘unknown file’ and is allowed entry by organizations not using a ‘default deny’ security posture (which denies entry to all unknown files until it is verified that they are ‘good’ files and are safe to have enter the IT infrastructure).”

The attachment is unreadable having the following phrase-

“Enable macro if data encoding is incorrect,” a social engineering technique which runs  run a binary file that downloads an encryption Trojan.

Comodo-protected endpoints found out more than 62,000 phishing emails on Aug 9,10 and 11. Eleven thousand IP address where used from one thirty-three different countries.

“This quantity of servers can only be used for a specific task if they are formed into a large bot network (or botnet), and have a sophisticated command and control server architecture,” the researchers note.

As per the Kaspersky, Locky and its variants were the most profitable form of ransomware.

“Ransomware is here to stay, and we will have to deal with it for a long time to come,” Google senior strategist Kylie McRoberts said.

Tripwire principal security researcher Travis Smith told that sending such email is a profitable method.

“For ransomware, the attacker just needs one low-level employee to click a link or open an attachment,” he said.

“That one click then allows them to immediately be paid hundreds, if not millions, of dollars in nearly anonymous cryptocurrency,” Smith added.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by Check Point and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.

Complex Malware Installed by Simple Phishing Attacks

August 9th, 2017

A new JScript back door called Bateleur distributed by the FIN7 (a.k.a Carbanak) hacker group through phishing emails targeting U.S.-based restaurant chains has been identified by Proofpoint researchers.

The modus operands is simple. The receiver gets the email containing document which contains macro. The message of the email is “here is the check as discussed.”

The executed macro creates a scheduled task to run Bateleur which then sleeps for three seconds and then again executes Bateleur and then sleeps for 10 seconds. Finally, it deletes the scheduled task.

“The combined effect of these commands is to run Bateleur on the infected system in a roundabout manner in an attempt to evade detection,” the researchers note.

The JScript macro contains anti-sandbox and anti-analysis functionality.

“We continue to see regular changes to the tactics and tools used by FIN7 in their attempt to infect more targets and evade detection,” the researchers state. “The Bateleur JScript back door and new macro-laden documents appear to be the latest in the group’s expanding toolset, providing new means of infection, additional ways of hiding their activity, and growing capabilities for stealing information and executing commands directly on victim machines.”

Simon Taylor, vice president of products at Glasswall, mentioned that though the software is complex, a method of installing it is very straight forward through phishing email.

“Phishing is a tried and true method for attackers — largely because it is predictably and repeatedly successful,” he said.

“Historically, the security industry has attempted to change employee behaviour,” Taylor added. “But while education helps, cyber criminals are continuously adjusting their techniques and the authenticity of their messages in order to stay several steps ahead of their victims.”

“Humans are and always will be the weakest link in an organization, and going forward, defense and detection strategies must change to address these inevitable challenges,” Taylor said.

Cyber Resilience

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Alertsec is based on the 256-bit AES encryption algorithm and has the highest security certifications.

Qualys CEO mentions that WannaCry a “Godsend” for his Business

August 5th, 2017

Security vendor Qualys CEO Philippe Courtot mentioned that the WannaCry ransomware and the planned General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) are “godsends” that will help the company to grow further. He said this during company’s second quarter fiscal 2017 earnings call.

Qualys revenue saw 14% increase compared to previous year. This year revenue is $55.3 million.  Company is now estimating growth of 17 to 18%.

“Recent attacks like WannaCry and Petya have made it clear that the days of scanning the network perimeter and a few critical servers are over,” Courtot said during his company’s earnings call. “Enterprises now require scalability, accuracy and speed in order to identify assets that are vulnerable and ensure they are rapidly and properly remediated, which is something traditional enterprise IT and IT security solutions cannot deliver effectively and at which Qualys excels.”

Qualys’ cloud platform consists of a host of expanding capabilities that help enterprises with vulnerability and security management tasks. It has also announced new SSL/TLS certificate and cloud visibility technologies which will further augment the cloud security platform.

Upcoming GDPR regulation is also the main contributing factor for the company growth. It will come into effect in May 2018 across the European Union (EU). GDPR makes it compulsory to take all possible efforts for the companies to ensure the security and the privacy of customer data.

“We see that GDPR is in fact a godsend for Qualys and we see the effect of that because specifically, it is now accelerating the digital transformation of many of the large European companies,” Courtot said.

The recent breaches due to WannaCry has boosted Qualys business prospect.

“WannaCry has been also a godsend for Qualys,” Courtot said. “People finally realize that instead of having to buy solutions that supposedly protect them, that in fact they better try to identify all of their assets and also identify the vulnerabilities on those assets because this is what WannaCry and then NotPetya absolutely demonstrated.”

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Data Breach at Swedish Citizens’ Data Points

July 27th, 2017

Unscreened third-party IT workers were provided full access to the information of vehicles including police and military by the Swedish Transport Agency. Management of the operations were outsourced to IBM administrators without security checks in 2015.

According to the reports, as the data is handled in time pressure for this activity, there was no option to transfer bypassing standard security protocols.

Affected information included vehicle registration data for every Swedish citizen, data on all government and military vehicles, weight capacity of all roads and bridges — and the names, photos, and home addresses of air force pilots, police suspects, elite military operatives, and people under witness protection.

As per the Swedish Pirate Party founder Rick Falkvinge the breach is the “worst known governmental leak ever,” noting, “Sweden’s Transport Agency moved all of its data to ‘the cloud,’ apparently unaware that there is no cloud, only somebody else’s computer.”

“Many governments have had partial leaks in terms of method (Snowden) or relations (Manning) lately, but this is the first time I’m aware that the full treasure chest of every single top-secret governmental individual with photo, name, and home address has leaked,” Falkvinge wrote.

The entire register was sent to marketers which also included people in the witness protection program.

When that happened, Falkvinge wrote, “the sensitive identities were pointed out and named in a second distribution with a request for all subscribers to remove these:e records themselves. This took place in open clear text email.”

RiskVision CEO Joe Fantuzzi mentioned the risk of third party vendors.

While understanding your own risk environment is an important step in improving your risk posture, Fantuzzi said, it’s far from the only step.

“Organizations that fail to assess third party vulnerabilities will be left with gaping blind spots that will leave them susceptible to breaches and cyber attacks down the road,” Fantuzzi said.

“Ultimately, organizations need to truly consider third party environments as an extension of their own, and treat them as such from a security and risk perspective.”

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Alertsec is powered by Check Point Endpoint Security products, which are positioned in the leader’s quadrant in Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Mobile Data Protection.