security

Qualys CEO mentions that WannaCry a “Godsend” for his Business

August 5th, 2017

Security vendor Qualys CEO Philippe Courtot mentioned that the WannaCry ransomware and the planned General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) are “godsends” that will help the company to grow further. He said this during company’s second quarter fiscal 2017 earnings call.

Qualys revenue saw 14% increase compared to previous year. This year revenue is $55.3 million.  Company is now estimating growth of 17 to 18%.

“Recent attacks like WannaCry and Petya have made it clear that the days of scanning the network perimeter and a few critical servers are over,” Courtot said during his company’s earnings call. “Enterprises now require scalability, accuracy and speed in order to identify assets that are vulnerable and ensure they are rapidly and properly remediated, which is something traditional enterprise IT and IT security solutions cannot deliver effectively and at which Qualys excels.”

Qualys’ cloud platform consists of a host of expanding capabilities that help enterprises with vulnerability and security management tasks. It has also announced new SSL/TLS certificate and cloud visibility technologies which will further augment the cloud security platform.

Upcoming GDPR regulation is also the main contributing factor for the company growth. It will come into effect in May 2018 across the European Union (EU). GDPR makes it compulsory to take all possible efforts for the companies to ensure the security and the privacy of customer data.

“We see that GDPR is in fact a godsend for Qualys and we see the effect of that because specifically, it is now accelerating the digital transformation of many of the large European companies,” Courtot said.

The recent breaches due to WannaCry has boosted Qualys business prospect.

“WannaCry has been also a godsend for Qualys,” Courtot said. “People finally realize that instead of having to buy solutions that supposedly protect them, that in fact they better try to identify all of their assets and also identify the vulnerabilities on those assets because this is what WannaCry and then NotPetya absolutely demonstrated.”

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Data Breach at Swedish Citizens’ Data Points

July 27th, 2017

Unscreened third-party IT workers were provided full access to the information of vehicles including police and military by the Swedish Transport Agency. Management of the operations were outsourced to IBM administrators without security checks in 2015.

According to the reports, as the data is handled in time pressure for this activity, there was no option to transfer bypassing standard security protocols.

Affected information included vehicle registration data for every Swedish citizen, data on all government and military vehicles, weight capacity of all roads and bridges — and the names, photos, and home addresses of air force pilots, police suspects, elite military operatives, and people under witness protection.

As per the Swedish Pirate Party founder Rick Falkvinge the breach is the “worst known governmental leak ever,” noting, “Sweden’s Transport Agency moved all of its data to ‘the cloud,’ apparently unaware that there is no cloud, only somebody else’s computer.”

“Many governments have had partial leaks in terms of method (Snowden) or relations (Manning) lately, but this is the first time I’m aware that the full treasure chest of every single top-secret governmental individual with photo, name, and home address has leaked,” Falkvinge wrote.

The entire register was sent to marketers which also included people in the witness protection program.

When that happened, Falkvinge wrote, “the sensitive identities were pointed out and named in a second distribution with a request for all subscribers to remove these:e records themselves. This took place in open clear text email.”

RiskVision CEO Joe Fantuzzi mentioned the risk of third party vendors.

While understanding your own risk environment is an important step in improving your risk posture, Fantuzzi said, it’s far from the only step.

“Organizations that fail to assess third party vulnerabilities will be left with gaping blind spots that will leave them susceptible to breaches and cyber attacks down the road,” Fantuzzi said.

“Ultimately, organizations need to truly consider third party environments as an extension of their own, and treat them as such from a security and risk perspective.”

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New additions to Qualys

July 25th, 2017

As per the new announcement, Qualys is upgrading its Software-as-a-Service cloud platform. It now provides customers with new cloud security and SSL/TLS certificate security abilities.

“CloudView a is an entirely new module built on the Qualys Cloud Platform,” Hari Srinivasan, Director of Product Management, Qualys, told eSecurityPlanet.

“CloudView is a new app framework in the Qualys Cloud Platform for a comprehensive and continuous protection of cloud infrastructure.”

Srinivasan mentioned that Cloudview has multiple apps which includes Cloud Inventory and Cloud Security Assessment, Cloud Inventory (CI) and Cloud Security Assessment (CSA).

CI and CSA provides a continuous security of public cloud infrastructure.

“These two apps allow teams to gain critical insights into these cloud resources and their security posture across them,” Srinivasan said.

The company provides insight into SSL/TLS certificate status and deployment.

“SSL Labs does not however store this data for later use,” Asif Karel, Director of Product Management at Qualys, told eSecurityPlanet. “CertView is a commercial offering intended for enterprise customers who will not only benefit from similar assessments of their public as well as internal servers and services, they will also be able to create and maintain an inventory of the certificates deployed in all of their environments and critical infrastructure.”

Karel also mentioned that the customers will be able to find the flaws in the certificate and related dangers

“The grading calculation highlights the support, or lack of support, for mechanisms such as HSTS that prevent protocol downgrade attacks as well as other TLS related vulnerabilities,” Karel said.

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is a configuration on a webserver that only allows pages to be served over SSL/TLS as HTTPS.

The market is changed due to the arrival of free Let’s Encrypt. But it has a drawback which karel mentioned.

“Unsuspecting users might think they are communicating with trustworthy sites because the identity of the site has been validated by a CA (Certificate Authority), without realizing that these are just domain validated certificates with no assurance about the identity of the organization that owns the site, Karel said.

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Massive New Ransomware Attack

June 29th, 2017

Recently world suffered a massive WannaCry attack. Now new ransomware attack was launched using same Windows vulnerability. Ukraine is the most affected country affecting government, transport systems, banks and power utilities and companies like WPP, pharma giant Merck, manufacturing company Saint-Gobain, and Russian steel and oil giants Evraz and Rosneft.

One WPP subsidiary has asked staff to turn off and disconnect all Windows machines as it was a victim of “massive global malware attack, affecting all Windows servers, PCs and laptops.”

Shipping company Maersk tweeted, “We can confirm that Maersk IT systems are down across multiple sites and business units due to a cyber attack. We continue to assess the situation. The safety of our employees, our operations and customers’ business is our top priority.”

Merck tweeted “We can confirm our company’s computer network was compromised today as part of the global hack. Other organizations have also been affected. We are investigating the matter and will provide additional information as we learn more.”

Kaspersky Lab researchers mentioned that it is entirely new threat and named it as NotPetya.

“Organizations in Russia and the Ukraine are the most affected, and we have also registered hits in Poland, Italy, the UK, Germany, France, the U.S. and several other countries,” the researchers mentioned. ”This appears to be a complex attack which involves several attack vectors. We can confirm that a modified EternalBlue exploit is used for propagation at least within the corporate network.”

Jake Kouns, CISO at Risk Based Security mentioned that the attack by WannaCry should have been taken seriously. “Unfortunately, the fast spread of Petya makes it pretty clear that regardless of the reasons for not updating systems, whether they were valid or not, many companies were unable to properly address things the first time around,” he said.

He added that unpatched software is at risk.

“It is critical that all organizations which are able to apply patches for these known vulnerabilities,” he said. “If there is some legit reason for this not being possible, it is imperative to take other precautions and implement compensating controls to protect their systems and mitigate the risk.”

“Companies need to rapidly adopt a much more continuous strategy around patching and security testing, along with a robust disaster recovery plan that gets tested frequently.”Cybric CTO Mike Kail mentioned.

Netskope co-founder and CEO Sanjay Beri said the implications could be massive. “The Petya ransomware attack should serve as an urgent warning for the U.S. — we need a plan in place and the administration has to stop dragging its feet on hiring a Federal CISO,” he said.

“Worse than the recent WannaCry attack, the Petya ransomware campaign is targeting critical infrastructure which, according to an MIT report, is essentially defenseless against cyber criminals,” Beri added. “If this attack reaches us — and given the rate and manner with which it’s spreading it’s only a matter of time — the country’s critical infrastructure is at enormous risk of shutting down.”

“The extortion model is here to stay,” the report states. “More stable growth, which is at a higher level on average, could indicate an alarming trend: a shift from chaotic and sporadic actors’ attempts to gain foothold in [the] threat landscape to steadier and higher volumes.”

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U.S Election Systems Attacked by Russian Hackers

June 22nd, 2017

Thirty-nine states were hit by Russian hackers prior to the 2016 U.S. election. In Illinois, hackers got access to the database and tried to delete or alter voters data. A software was also accessed which was used by poll workers on Election Day.

“Last year, as we detected intrusions into websites managed by election officials around the country, the administration worked relentlessly to protect our election infrastructure,” Eric Schultz, spokesman for former President Barack Obama, told Bloomberg.

“Given that our election systems are so decentralized, that effort meant working with Democratic and Republican election administrators from all across the country to bolster their cyber defenses.”

A former senior U.S official mentioned that Russians now possess knowledge of U.S. election systems prior to the next presidential election.

“The U.S. must start putting precautions in place today that assures voter data and election systems are protected, or else history is bound to repeat itself.”Seclore CEO Vishal Gupta said.

Federal agents found traces of hacking into the database. Many states refused to cooperate with the agency.

“It’s laughable how systems we thought were immune to attack were so woefully under-secured.” Venafi chief security strategist Kevin Bocek said.

“We’ve seen this with ATMs and POS systems,” Bocek added. “The finance and retail industries have effectively responded to their own deep vulnerabilities, and now state, local and federal governments need to respond in the same way to protect voting systems.”

“Without a record of who is accessing, changing or deleting data, it’s virtually impossible to detect the compromise,” he said. “It’s not hard to imagine a scenario where voter data has been compromised but has gone undetected due to lack of auditing or evidence of a breach.”Varonis vice president of field engineering Ken Spinner said

“It’s more important than ever to monitor file activity and user behaviour, so that if an outside party is attempting to manipulate or delete information — as happened in Illinois — that activity is able to be flagged and investigated right away,” Spinner added.

“Whether you’re a small company or a national government, the best risk reduction is to limit access to those who need it the most, keeping sensitive data locked down, and to monitor data access so that when something suspicious happens, you can catch it before it turns into global headlines,” Spinner said.

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New SiteLock Application to Protect WordPress

June 19th, 2017

WordPress open-source publishing is the popular platform for companies. It has also attracted cyber criminals. Sites face attacks frequently. SiteLock, a Scottsdale, Ariz. website security vendor has started private beta of its new SMART Database (SMART/DB) solution. This application scans detects and automatically removes spam and malware from WordPress databases.

 SiteLock was formed in 2008. President Neill Feather mentioned that company specializes in helping small and midsized businesses (SMBs) mount a defence against cyber attackers. It also provides easy-to-deploy web application firewall (WAF) and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) mitigation capabilities. SMBs to strengthen their WordPress deployments are also implemented.

 Operating a website is a risky affair in the current cybersecurity landscape.

“On average, websites face over 8,000 attacks per year from cyber criminals trying to steal valuable resources such as website bandwidth, traffic, and customer data. Popular, well-recognized websites that utilize e-commerce or a large number of interactive features or plugins can be obvious targets for cyber attacks and are often reported in mainstream media,” Feather said.

 “According to SiteLock data, websites using 10 to 20 plugins are two times more likely to be compromised than the average website, and websites linking to Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn accounts are 2.5 times more likely to be compromised than the average website.”

 Many small business owners do not pay much attention towards cyber security but the trend of attacks is increasing.

 “In fact, 43 percent of all cyber attacks targeted small businesses in 2016,” Feather informed. “Given that the majority of small businesses manage or maintain their own websites, they typically aren’t aware of the time or resources required to ensure adequate protection against ever-evolving security threats such as malware and other vulnerabilities.”

 “It’s important to understand that any website, regardless of the number of features or amount of traffic, is constantly at risk,” he added.

 Many WordPress websites face attack today.

 “As most WordPress websites include customer engagement features such as blog comments, blog contributors, and content aggregation, this emerging malware monitoring technology keeps comments and posts clean from spam, ensuring site content is search engine friendly and is most valuable for visitors,” Feather said. “SMART/DB also mitigates other database malware like malicious redirects and backdoors, ultimately keeping website visitors safe.”

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Security of the end point devices

June 15th, 2017

A Recent survey conducted by Ponemon Institute shows that Sixty-three percent of participants are not able to monitor endpoint devices after they leave the corporate network. Fifty-five percent of endpoint devices contain sensitive data.

Absolute sponsored the survey which also contains below findings –

Fifty-six percent of participants don’t have a cohesive compliance strategy

Seventy percent mentioned that they have a below average ability to limit endpoint failure damages

Twenty-eight percent use automated analysis and inspection for determining compliance.

“It’s clear that enterprises face real visibility and control challenges when it comes to protecting the data on corporate endpoints, ensuring compliance and keeping up with threats,” Ponemon Institute chairman and founder Dr Larry Ponemon said.

The number of malware-infected endpoints devices has increased in the past one year. Also, forty-eight percent are not happy with their endpoint security solution.

“The trends that drove the extraordinary activity in 2016 are continuing unabated in 2017,” Risk-Based Security executive vice president Inga Goddijn said in a statement. “We have seen the return of widespread phishing for W-2 details, large datasets continue to be offered for sale, and misconfigured databases remain a thorny problem for IT administrators.”

Another survey by SACA shows that fifty-three percent reported an increase in cyber attacks. There is a general rise in data breaches.

“There is a significant and concerning gap between the threats an organization faces and its readiness to address those threats in a timely or effective manner,” ISACA board chair Christos Dimitriadis said in a statement. “Cyber security professionals face huge demands to secure organizational infrastructure, and teams need to be properly trained, resourced and prepared.”

Many believe there should be a rise in the budget for the security.

“The rise of CISOs in organizations demonstrates a growing leadership commitment to securing the enterprise, which is an encouraging sign,” Dimitriadis said. “But that’s not a cure-all. With the number of malicious attacks increasing, organizations can’t afford a resource slowdown. Yet with so many respondents showing a lack of confidence in their teams’ ability to address complex issues, we know there is more that must be done to address the urgent cybersecurity challenges faced by all enterprises.”

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Alertsec’s cloud-based information security service provides an easy and convenient way to protect information on your organization’s laptops and computers.

Records available online due to flaw in the system

May 29th, 2017

Molina Healthcare had patients’ medical claims online. The duration of the breach is not clear. Also, the reason behind the leak is also not available. Investigative reporter Brian Krebs received tip about the breach.

According to the reports, customer could see other customers’ medical claims only by changing a single number in the URL. There was no requirement of the authentication.

“It’s unconscionable that such a basic, Security 101 flaw could still exist at a major healthcare provider today,” Krebs wrote. “However, the more I write about these lame but otherwise very serious vulnerabilities at healthcare firms the more I hear about how common they are from individual readers.”

Records did not include Social Security numbers. Affected information included patient names, addresses and birthdates, as well as diagnosis, medication and medical procedure information. Molina said that it has fixed the problem.

“Because protecting our members’ information is of utmost importance to Molina and out of an abundance of caution, we are taking our ePortal temporarily offline to perform additional testing of our system security,” the company said. “Molina has also engaged Mandiant to assist the company in continuing to strengthen our system security.”

World focus remains on cyber threats like WannaCry but many organizations lack basic security, Bitglass CEO Nat Kausik mentioned. “This is especially true in the heavily regulated healthcare industry,” he said. “Molina Healthcare is just one example of an IT oversight that led to massive exposure of PHI.”

“Healthcare organizations are major targets and will see any and all flaws exploited by malicious individuals,” Kausik added. “As healthcare organizations make patient data more accessible to individuals and new systems, they must make information security their top priority.”

There is increase in data breach this year.

“Unauthorized disclosures continue to tick up and are now the leading cause of breaches as data moves to cloud and mobile and as external sharing becomes easier. Unauthorized disclosures includes all non-privileged access to PII or PHI,” the report states. “Hacking and IT-related incidents doubled year-over-year, an indication that malicious actors are not letting up and are increasingly aware of PHI’s high long-term value.”

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Security Patch at Twitter

May 24th, 2017

One can send message to anyone using ‘@‘ from any given account in Twitter platform. But this arrangement is challenged by a security bug. Security researcher who goes by alias ‘Kedrisch’ reported this bug to the twitter through Twitter’s bug bounty program run by Hackerone.

“The reporter discovered a flaw in the handling of Twitter Ads Studio requests which allowed an attacker to tweet as any user,” the Hackerone bug report states. “By sharing media with a victim user and then modifying the post request with the victim’s account ID, the media in question would be posted from the victim’s account.”

Kedrisch also provided detailed writeup on the flaw and the steps to discover the vulnerability. The process involves intercepting the owner_id and user_id parameters and using it as a part of the GET and POST actions.

The bug allowed hackers to publish post through any user. Twitter mentioned that the vulnerability was not exploited.

“As former appsec tech lead for twitter, I’ll just say I’m not shocked this was in code from the ads team,” security researcher Charlie Miller wrote in a Twitter message.

Miller has won the famous Pwn2own hacking competition. He is also one who hacked iPhone first time.

Miller responded to one of his team mate, “if a team is responsible for the vast majority of security issues, maybe they should feel not awesome?”

Twitter awarded Kedrisch with $7,560 for the disclosure of the bug. Kedrisch has also disclosed the bug in the twitter platform in December 2016. He got $1,120 for a low severity bug. The ethical hacker also got $1,260 in Oct 2016 for reporting disclosure flaw in the publish.twitter.com. This particular bug was rated as medium security issue.

Kedrisch received three other bounties totaling $1,540 which was not publicly disclosed.

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The Alertsec service protects everything stored on the computer such as Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Gmail, Photos, Credit Card data files etc.

Keeping sensitive information from leaks

April 11th, 2017

Today companies needs to keep the data very secure due to need of protecting corporate data and  also regulations which require consumer data to be protected. EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) are increasing the fines for non compliance. It is daunting task for companies to comply with regulations.

“I can see the difference from before GDPR and after GDPR,” he said of companies scrambling to shore up data leaks. “Even if I have a tiny office somewhere, I need to check for confidential data.” And automating this scrutiny is the only way to effectively manage it.” said Angel Serrano, senior manager of advanced risk and compliance analytics at PwC UK in London.

What is DLP?

ISACA mention it “data leak prevention”.

Gartner calls it “data loss protection” or “data loss prevention”.

It prevents unauthorized users from sending sensitive data.

“DLP is not one thing, like a tomato,” GBT Technologies co-founder Uzi Yair said, referring to GBT’s enterprise suite of products. In addition to more traditional practices such as scanning endpoints, network and storage as well as policy management and workflow tools, it includes an information rights management (IRM) policy server that applies file-level control over who has access to what, where – it might be solely on-premises – and when.

Recent reports on DLP has below highlights:

  • An average of 20 data loss incidents occur every day all around the world
  • Eighty three percent of organisations have security solutions but still thirty three percent suffer from data loss
  • DLP detects incidents and has regular expressions, dictionary-based rules, and unstructured data for breach detection.
  • Many facilities use DLP only for email instead of full business applications

DLP takes two forms:

  • Agent software for desktops and servers, physical and virtual appliances for monitoring networks and agents, or soft appliances for data discovery
  • Integrated DLP products that may offer more limited functionality

“All these web applications like Google Drive and Office 365 are integrating with other satellite applications,” said Krishna Narayanaswamy, founder and chief scientist at Netskope.” Salesforce uses Google Drive as a place to store files. DocuSign can put documents in Google Drive. You need to be at all the points where data is going into these applications. You need to be able to inspect that data at rest and determine who uploaded that data. Also inspect and apply policies to outgoing email.”

Many companies do not use new ways.

“The new generation considers email a dinosaur. They go to social media – Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook – you have to cover those as well. More and more communication is coming via SSL, and that’s a big blank spot that many DLP vendors have not considered,” Narayanaswamy said.

“When you look at the web, there are many reasons for sending data from inside to the outside,” Narayanaswamy said. “Modern applications constantly post information about how users are using the application, response times, and so forth, to improve user experience. When you look at every post transaction, there’s a potential for many false positives,” which have been the bane of DLP.

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Alertsec helps you comply with HIPAA, PCI and SOX requirements. The implemented encryption is powered by CheckPoint and has the highest security certifications: FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria EAL4 and BITS.